TAG composition and solid fat content of palm oil, sunflower oil, and palm kernel olein blends before and after chemical interesterification

H. M D Noor Lida, K. Sundram, W. L. Siew, Aminah Abdullah, S. Mamot

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

102 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Modification of the characteristics of palm oil (PO), sunflower oil, and palm kernel olein (PKOo) according to conventional three-component mixture designs was undertaken by a combination of blending and chemical interesterification (CIE) techniques. TAG composition and solid fat content (SFC) profile of the starting blends were analyzed and compared with those of the interesterified blends. Upon CIE, extensive rearrangement of FA among TAG was evident. Concentrations of several TAG were increased, some were decreased, and several new TAG were formed. The resulting changes in TAG profile were reflected in the SFC of the blends. The SFC values of the chemically interesterified blends, except binary blends of PO/PKOo, revealed that they were softer than their respective starting blends. SFC data also indicated that eutectic interaction occurred between PO and PKOo in the starting blends and that this interaction was diminished after CIE.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1137-1144
Number of pages8
JournalJAOCS, Journal of the American Oil Chemists' Society
Volume79
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2002

Fingerprint

palm kernels
Sunflower oil
olein
Palm oil
palm oils
sunflower oil
Oils and fats
Fats
lipid content
Chemical analysis
Eutectics
sunflower seed oil
palm oil

Keywords

  • Chemical interesterification
  • Palm-based fat blends
  • Solid fat content
  • Triacylglycerol composition

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Chemistry (miscellaneous)

Cite this

TAG composition and solid fat content of palm oil, sunflower oil, and palm kernel olein blends before and after chemical interesterification. / Noor Lida, H. M D; Sundram, K.; Siew, W. L.; Abdullah, Aminah; Mamot, S.

In: JAOCS, Journal of the American Oil Chemists' Society, Vol. 79, No. 11, 11.2002, p. 1137-1144.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{a0872c078dc44e25883abe5c38ae882f,
title = "TAG composition and solid fat content of palm oil, sunflower oil, and palm kernel olein blends before and after chemical interesterification",
abstract = "Modification of the characteristics of palm oil (PO), sunflower oil, and palm kernel olein (PKOo) according to conventional three-component mixture designs was undertaken by a combination of blending and chemical interesterification (CIE) techniques. TAG composition and solid fat content (SFC) profile of the starting blends were analyzed and compared with those of the interesterified blends. Upon CIE, extensive rearrangement of FA among TAG was evident. Concentrations of several TAG were increased, some were decreased, and several new TAG were formed. The resulting changes in TAG profile were reflected in the SFC of the blends. The SFC values of the chemically interesterified blends, except binary blends of PO/PKOo, revealed that they were softer than their respective starting blends. SFC data also indicated that eutectic interaction occurred between PO and PKOo in the starting blends and that this interaction was diminished after CIE.",
keywords = "Chemical interesterification, Palm-based fat blends, Solid fat content, Triacylglycerol composition",
author = "{Noor Lida}, {H. M D} and K. Sundram and Siew, {W. L.} and Aminah Abdullah and S. Mamot",
year = "2002",
month = "11",
language = "English",
volume = "79",
pages = "1137--1144",
journal = "Oil & Soap",
issn = "0003-021X",
publisher = "Springer Verlag",
number = "11",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - TAG composition and solid fat content of palm oil, sunflower oil, and palm kernel olein blends before and after chemical interesterification

AU - Noor Lida, H. M D

AU - Sundram, K.

AU - Siew, W. L.

AU - Abdullah, Aminah

AU - Mamot, S.

PY - 2002/11

Y1 - 2002/11

N2 - Modification of the characteristics of palm oil (PO), sunflower oil, and palm kernel olein (PKOo) according to conventional three-component mixture designs was undertaken by a combination of blending and chemical interesterification (CIE) techniques. TAG composition and solid fat content (SFC) profile of the starting blends were analyzed and compared with those of the interesterified blends. Upon CIE, extensive rearrangement of FA among TAG was evident. Concentrations of several TAG were increased, some were decreased, and several new TAG were formed. The resulting changes in TAG profile were reflected in the SFC of the blends. The SFC values of the chemically interesterified blends, except binary blends of PO/PKOo, revealed that they were softer than their respective starting blends. SFC data also indicated that eutectic interaction occurred between PO and PKOo in the starting blends and that this interaction was diminished after CIE.

AB - Modification of the characteristics of palm oil (PO), sunflower oil, and palm kernel olein (PKOo) according to conventional three-component mixture designs was undertaken by a combination of blending and chemical interesterification (CIE) techniques. TAG composition and solid fat content (SFC) profile of the starting blends were analyzed and compared with those of the interesterified blends. Upon CIE, extensive rearrangement of FA among TAG was evident. Concentrations of several TAG were increased, some were decreased, and several new TAG were formed. The resulting changes in TAG profile were reflected in the SFC of the blends. The SFC values of the chemically interesterified blends, except binary blends of PO/PKOo, revealed that they were softer than their respective starting blends. SFC data also indicated that eutectic interaction occurred between PO and PKOo in the starting blends and that this interaction was diminished after CIE.

KW - Chemical interesterification

KW - Palm-based fat blends

KW - Solid fat content

KW - Triacylglycerol composition

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0036852704&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0036852704&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:0036852704

VL - 79

SP - 1137

EP - 1144

JO - Oil & Soap

JF - Oil & Soap

SN - 0003-021X

IS - 11

ER -