Systematic study of Ce3+ on the structural and magnetic properties of Cu nanosized ferrites for potential applications

Majid Niaz Akhtar, Abu Bakar Sulong, M. N. Akhtar, Muhammad Azhar Khan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

33 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Ce3+ substituted Cu-spinel nanoferrites CuCexFe2−xO4 (x = 0.00, 0.02, 0.04, 0.06, 0.08 and 0.10) were synthesized via sol–gel self-combustion hybrid route. Single phase spinel ferrite of Cu nanoferrites were examined using X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis whereas the multiphase structure was observed as Ce contents increased from x = 0.06. Field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM), Thermogravimetric and differential thermal analysis (TGA and DTA) and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) were used to find out the morphology phase and metal stretching vibrations of Ce3+ substituted nanocrystalline ferrites. The crystallite size was increased and found in the range of 25–91 nm. The agglomerations in Cu ferrite samples increase as the Ce3+ concentration increases. The magnetic properties such as remanence, saturation magnetization, coercivity, Bohr magneton and magnetocrystalline anisotropy constant (K) were determined using M−H loops recorded from a vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM). Saturation magnetization, remanence and coercivity are increased as the Ce3+ contents increase in Cu nanocrystalline samples. Moreover, law of approach to saturation (LoA) was used to calculate the maximum value of saturation for Ce-doped Cu nanoferrites. The soft magnetic behaviour of the Cu nanoferrite is observed as compared to the samples substituted with the increased Ce contents in Cu nanocrystalline ferrite. Bohr magneton and magnetocrystalline anisotropy are found to increase with the substitution of rare earth Ce3+ contents in Cu spinel nanocrystalline ferrite. Ce-doped Cu nanocrystalline ferrites with excellent properties may be suitable for potential applications in sensing, security, switching, core, multilayer chip inductor, biomedical and microwave absorption applications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)156-164
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Rare Earths
Volume36
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2018

Fingerprint

ferrite
Ferrites
magnetic property
Ferrite
Structural properties
Magnetic properties
Magnetocrystalline anisotropy
Remanence
Saturation magnetization
Coercive force
saturation
spinel
magnetization
anisotropy
Magnetometers
Crystallite size
Field emission
Differential thermal analysis
X ray diffraction analysis
Rare earths

Keywords

  • Ce-doped Cu nanocrystalline ferrites
  • Fourier transform infrared (FTIR)
  • Scanning electron microscopy (SEM)
  • Transmission electron microscopy (TEM)
  • Vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM)
  • X-ray diffraction (XRD)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Geochemistry and Petrology

Cite this

Systematic study of Ce3+ on the structural and magnetic properties of Cu nanosized ferrites for potential applications. / Akhtar, Majid Niaz; Sulong, Abu Bakar; Akhtar, M. N.; Khan, Muhammad Azhar.

In: Journal of Rare Earths, Vol. 36, No. 2, 01.02.2018, p. 156-164.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Akhtar, Majid Niaz

AU - Sulong, Abu Bakar

AU - Akhtar, M. N.

AU - Khan, Muhammad Azhar

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N2 - Ce3+ substituted Cu-spinel nanoferrites CuCexFe2−xO4 (x = 0.00, 0.02, 0.04, 0.06, 0.08 and 0.10) were synthesized via sol–gel self-combustion hybrid route. Single phase spinel ferrite of Cu nanoferrites were examined using X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis whereas the multiphase structure was observed as Ce contents increased from x = 0.06. Field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM), Thermogravimetric and differential thermal analysis (TGA and DTA) and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) were used to find out the morphology phase and metal stretching vibrations of Ce3+ substituted nanocrystalline ferrites. The crystallite size was increased and found in the range of 25–91 nm. The agglomerations in Cu ferrite samples increase as the Ce3+ concentration increases. The magnetic properties such as remanence, saturation magnetization, coercivity, Bohr magneton and magnetocrystalline anisotropy constant (K) were determined using M−H loops recorded from a vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM). Saturation magnetization, remanence and coercivity are increased as the Ce3+ contents increase in Cu nanocrystalline samples. Moreover, law of approach to saturation (LoA) was used to calculate the maximum value of saturation for Ce-doped Cu nanoferrites. The soft magnetic behaviour of the Cu nanoferrite is observed as compared to the samples substituted with the increased Ce contents in Cu nanocrystalline ferrite. Bohr magneton and magnetocrystalline anisotropy are found to increase with the substitution of rare earth Ce3+ contents in Cu spinel nanocrystalline ferrite. Ce-doped Cu nanocrystalline ferrites with excellent properties may be suitable for potential applications in sensing, security, switching, core, multilayer chip inductor, biomedical and microwave absorption applications.

AB - Ce3+ substituted Cu-spinel nanoferrites CuCexFe2−xO4 (x = 0.00, 0.02, 0.04, 0.06, 0.08 and 0.10) were synthesized via sol–gel self-combustion hybrid route. Single phase spinel ferrite of Cu nanoferrites were examined using X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis whereas the multiphase structure was observed as Ce contents increased from x = 0.06. Field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM), Thermogravimetric and differential thermal analysis (TGA and DTA) and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) were used to find out the morphology phase and metal stretching vibrations of Ce3+ substituted nanocrystalline ferrites. The crystallite size was increased and found in the range of 25–91 nm. The agglomerations in Cu ferrite samples increase as the Ce3+ concentration increases. The magnetic properties such as remanence, saturation magnetization, coercivity, Bohr magneton and magnetocrystalline anisotropy constant (K) were determined using M−H loops recorded from a vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM). Saturation magnetization, remanence and coercivity are increased as the Ce3+ contents increase in Cu nanocrystalline samples. Moreover, law of approach to saturation (LoA) was used to calculate the maximum value of saturation for Ce-doped Cu nanoferrites. The soft magnetic behaviour of the Cu nanoferrite is observed as compared to the samples substituted with the increased Ce contents in Cu nanocrystalline ferrite. Bohr magneton and magnetocrystalline anisotropy are found to increase with the substitution of rare earth Ce3+ contents in Cu spinel nanocrystalline ferrite. Ce-doped Cu nanocrystalline ferrites with excellent properties may be suitable for potential applications in sensing, security, switching, core, multilayer chip inductor, biomedical and microwave absorption applications.

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KW - Scanning electron microscopy (SEM)

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KW - Vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM)

KW - X-ray diffraction (XRD)

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