Systematic review and critical appraisal of child abuse measurement instruments

Suriati Mohamed Saini, Cassandra R. Hoffmann, Christos Pantelis, Ian P. Everall, Chad A. Bousman

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Child abuse is a major public health concern and a strong predictor of adult psychopathology. However, a consensus on how best to measure child abuse is not evident. This review aimed to critically appraise the methodological quality and measurement properties of published child abuse measures, examined the strength of evidence of these instruments for research use using the COnsensus-based Standards for the selection of health Measurement InstrumeNts (COSMIN) checklist and determined which measures were capable of providing information on the developmental timing of abuse. Systematic search of electronic databases identified 52 eligible instruments from 2095 studies. Only 15% (n = 8) of the instruments had strong to moderate levels of evidence for three or more of the nine COSMIN criteria. No instrument had adequate levels of evidence for all criteria, and no criteria were met by all instruments. Our results indicate there is no single instrument that is superior to all others across settings and populations. The availability of measures capable of capturing the effects of child abuse on brain development and associated behavioral phenotypes are limited. Refined instruments with a focus on capturing abuse events during development are warranted in addition to further evaluation of the psychometric properties of these instruments.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)106-113
Number of pages8
JournalPsychiatry Research
Volume272
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2019
Externally publishedYes

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Child Abuse
Consensus
Checklist
Psychopathology
Psychometrics
Public Health
Databases
Phenotype
Health
Brain
Research
Population

Keywords

  • Abuse
  • Brain development
  • Child
  • Instrument
  • Maltreatment
  • Measure
  • Sensitive period

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Biological Psychiatry

Cite this

Systematic review and critical appraisal of child abuse measurement instruments. / Mohamed Saini, Suriati; Hoffmann, Cassandra R.; Pantelis, Christos; Everall, Ian P.; Bousman, Chad A.

In: Psychiatry Research, Vol. 272, 01.02.2019, p. 106-113.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Mohamed Saini, Suriati ; Hoffmann, Cassandra R. ; Pantelis, Christos ; Everall, Ian P. ; Bousman, Chad A. / Systematic review and critical appraisal of child abuse measurement instruments. In: Psychiatry Research. 2019 ; Vol. 272. pp. 106-113.
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