Synthesis, structure and density functional theory (DFT) study of a Rhenium(I) pyridylpyrazol complex as a potential photocatalyst for CO2 reduction

Wun Fui Mark-Lee, Yan Yi Chong, Kung Pui Law, Ishak Ahmad, Mohammad Kassim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

The Re(I) complex, [Re(PyPzH)(CO)3Cl] where PyPzH = 2-(1H-pyrazol-3-yl)pyridine, was successfully synthesised and characterised with an infrared (IR), ultraviolet-visible (UV-Vis), 1H and 13C nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopies and X-ray crystallography. The IR spectrum featured three n(C≡O), n(N-H), n(C=N) and n(C=C) signals at (1860-2020), 3137, 1614 and 1513 cm-1, respectively. The UV-Vis spectrum of the complex exhibited ligand-centred (π®>*) electronic excitations [λmax = 227 nm, ε = 1.942 x 104 M-1cm-1; lmax = 292 nm, ε = 0.853 x 104 M-1cm-1] and a metal-to-ligand charge transfer (MLCT) band [lmax = 331 nm, ε = 0.467 x 104 M-1cm-1]. The 13C and 1H-NMR spectra exhibited the characteristic signals of the three C≡O (189.0 – 199.0 ppm) and NH (14.84 ppm), respectively. The X-ray structure of [Re(PyPzH)(CO)3Cl] showed the crystal adopted a monoclinic system with a C2/c space group [unit cell dimensions: a = 27.7422(14) Å, b = 11.1456(5) Å, c = 9.2461(4) Å with α = γ = 90ºand β = 92.552(2)º]. Density functional theory (DFT) and time-dependent (TD) DFT calculations were performed to investigate the optimised structural geometry and electronic properties of the title complex. The results showed that the highest-occupied molecular orbital (HOMO) was predominantly found on the dπ-orbitals of Re(I), Cl and CO. While the lowest-unoccupied molecular orbital (LUMO) was located on the PyPzH moiety. The structural and photophysical properties of the [Re(PyPzH)(CO)3Cl] were established and the reaction enthalpies for the dissociation of Cl atom in the formation of [Re(PyPzH)(CO)3] were discussed in view of its potential application for photocatalytic CO2 reduction.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1491-1499
Number of pages9
JournalSains Malaysiana
Volume47
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2018

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Rhenium
Carbon Monoxide
Photocatalysts
Density functional theory
Molecular orbitals
Ligands
Infrared radiation
X ray crystallography
Electronic properties
Nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy
Charge transfer
Enthalpy
Metals
Nuclear magnetic resonance
X rays
Atoms
Crystals
Geometry

Keywords

  • Crystal structure
  • DFT
  • Photocatalytic CO2 reduction
  • Pyridylpyrazole
  • Rhenium(I) polypyridine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

Cite this

Synthesis, structure and density functional theory (DFT) study of a Rhenium(I) pyridylpyrazol complex as a potential photocatalyst for CO2 reduction. / Mark-Lee, Wun Fui; Chong, Yan Yi; Law, Kung Pui; Ahmad, Ishak; Kassim, Mohammad.

In: Sains Malaysiana, Vol. 47, No. 7, 01.07.2018, p. 1491-1499.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{5676f4bb13564364ae59ad79279519f1,
title = "Synthesis, structure and density functional theory (DFT) study of a Rhenium(I) pyridylpyrazol complex as a potential photocatalyst for CO2 reduction",
abstract = "The Re(I) complex, [Re(PyPzH)(CO)3Cl] where PyPzH = 2-(1H-pyrazol-3-yl)pyridine, was successfully synthesised and characterised with an infrared (IR), ultraviolet-visible (UV-Vis), 1H and 13C nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopies and X-ray crystallography. The IR spectrum featured three n(C≡O), n(N-H), n(C=N) and n(C=C) signals at (1860-2020), 3137, 1614 and 1513 cm-1, respectively. The UV-Vis spectrum of the complex exhibited ligand-centred (π{\circledR}>*) electronic excitations [λmax = 227 nm, ε = 1.942 x 104 M-1cm-1; lmax = 292 nm, ε = 0.853 x 104 M-1cm-1] and a metal-to-ligand charge transfer (MLCT) band [lmax = 331 nm, ε = 0.467 x 104 M-1cm-1]. The 13C and 1H-NMR spectra exhibited the characteristic signals of the three C≡O (189.0 – 199.0 ppm) and NH (14.84 ppm), respectively. The X-ray structure of [Re(PyPzH)(CO)3Cl] showed the crystal adopted a monoclinic system with a C2/c space group [unit cell dimensions: a = 27.7422(14) {\AA}, b = 11.1456(5) {\AA}, c = 9.2461(4) {\AA} with α = γ = 90ºand β = 92.552(2)º]. Density functional theory (DFT) and time-dependent (TD) DFT calculations were performed to investigate the optimised structural geometry and electronic properties of the title complex. The results showed that the highest-occupied molecular orbital (HOMO) was predominantly found on the dπ-orbitals of Re(I), Cl and CO. While the lowest-unoccupied molecular orbital (LUMO) was located on the PyPzH moiety. The structural and photophysical properties of the [Re(PyPzH)(CO)3Cl] were established and the reaction enthalpies for the dissociation of Cl atom in the formation of [Re(PyPzH)(CO)3]• were discussed in view of its potential application for photocatalytic CO2 reduction.",
keywords = "Crystal structure, DFT, Photocatalytic CO2 reduction, Pyridylpyrazole, Rhenium(I) polypyridine",
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language = "English",
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AU - Chong, Yan Yi

AU - Law, Kung Pui

AU - Ahmad, Ishak

AU - Kassim, Mohammad

PY - 2018/7/1

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N2 - The Re(I) complex, [Re(PyPzH)(CO)3Cl] where PyPzH = 2-(1H-pyrazol-3-yl)pyridine, was successfully synthesised and characterised with an infrared (IR), ultraviolet-visible (UV-Vis), 1H and 13C nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopies and X-ray crystallography. The IR spectrum featured three n(C≡O), n(N-H), n(C=N) and n(C=C) signals at (1860-2020), 3137, 1614 and 1513 cm-1, respectively. The UV-Vis spectrum of the complex exhibited ligand-centred (π®>*) electronic excitations [λmax = 227 nm, ε = 1.942 x 104 M-1cm-1; lmax = 292 nm, ε = 0.853 x 104 M-1cm-1] and a metal-to-ligand charge transfer (MLCT) band [lmax = 331 nm, ε = 0.467 x 104 M-1cm-1]. The 13C and 1H-NMR spectra exhibited the characteristic signals of the three C≡O (189.0 – 199.0 ppm) and NH (14.84 ppm), respectively. The X-ray structure of [Re(PyPzH)(CO)3Cl] showed the crystal adopted a monoclinic system with a C2/c space group [unit cell dimensions: a = 27.7422(14) Å, b = 11.1456(5) Å, c = 9.2461(4) Å with α = γ = 90ºand β = 92.552(2)º]. Density functional theory (DFT) and time-dependent (TD) DFT calculations were performed to investigate the optimised structural geometry and electronic properties of the title complex. The results showed that the highest-occupied molecular orbital (HOMO) was predominantly found on the dπ-orbitals of Re(I), Cl and CO. While the lowest-unoccupied molecular orbital (LUMO) was located on the PyPzH moiety. The structural and photophysical properties of the [Re(PyPzH)(CO)3Cl] were established and the reaction enthalpies for the dissociation of Cl atom in the formation of [Re(PyPzH)(CO)3]• were discussed in view of its potential application for photocatalytic CO2 reduction.

AB - The Re(I) complex, [Re(PyPzH)(CO)3Cl] where PyPzH = 2-(1H-pyrazol-3-yl)pyridine, was successfully synthesised and characterised with an infrared (IR), ultraviolet-visible (UV-Vis), 1H and 13C nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopies and X-ray crystallography. The IR spectrum featured three n(C≡O), n(N-H), n(C=N) and n(C=C) signals at (1860-2020), 3137, 1614 and 1513 cm-1, respectively. The UV-Vis spectrum of the complex exhibited ligand-centred (π®>*) electronic excitations [λmax = 227 nm, ε = 1.942 x 104 M-1cm-1; lmax = 292 nm, ε = 0.853 x 104 M-1cm-1] and a metal-to-ligand charge transfer (MLCT) band [lmax = 331 nm, ε = 0.467 x 104 M-1cm-1]. The 13C and 1H-NMR spectra exhibited the characteristic signals of the three C≡O (189.0 – 199.0 ppm) and NH (14.84 ppm), respectively. The X-ray structure of [Re(PyPzH)(CO)3Cl] showed the crystal adopted a monoclinic system with a C2/c space group [unit cell dimensions: a = 27.7422(14) Å, b = 11.1456(5) Å, c = 9.2461(4) Å with α = γ = 90ºand β = 92.552(2)º]. Density functional theory (DFT) and time-dependent (TD) DFT calculations were performed to investigate the optimised structural geometry and electronic properties of the title complex. The results showed that the highest-occupied molecular orbital (HOMO) was predominantly found on the dπ-orbitals of Re(I), Cl and CO. While the lowest-unoccupied molecular orbital (LUMO) was located on the PyPzH moiety. The structural and photophysical properties of the [Re(PyPzH)(CO)3Cl] were established and the reaction enthalpies for the dissociation of Cl atom in the formation of [Re(PyPzH)(CO)3]• were discussed in view of its potential application for photocatalytic CO2 reduction.

KW - Crystal structure

KW - DFT

KW - Photocatalytic CO2 reduction

KW - Pyridylpyrazole

KW - Rhenium(I) polypyridine

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