Synthesis of palm oil fatty acid and trimethylolpropane based ester for biolubricant base stocks

Nurazira Mohd Nor, Darfizzi Derawi, Jumat Salimon

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

RBD palm oil become one of the interesting renewable resources in biolubricant application. However, palm oil cannot be used directly as lubricant due to some performance limitations such as thermal and oxidative stability. This drawback can be overcome by chemical modification through esterification with polyhydric alcohol such as trimethylolpropane (TMP). The synthesis of ester was carried out via esterification of palm oil fatty acid (POFA) with TMP in the presence of 2% sulphuric acid as catalyst at 150°C for 5 hours. Gas Chromatography equipped with a Flame Ionization Detector (GC-FID) was used to determine the percentage composition of POTMP ester. The structure confirmation of POTMP ester was proven by Fourier Transformation Infra-Red (FTIR), proton and carbon Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (1H-NMR and 13C-NMR) spectroscopy analysis. The result showed that POTMP ester has successfully synthesized with 97.7% composition of triesters (TE), proved by GC chromatogram. Presence of ester group also evidenced by 1H NMR at 2.27-2.30ppm and 13C NMR at 173.52-173.54ppm. The percentage yield of POTMP ester produced was 82% and exist in liquid form at room temperature.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2017 UKM FST Postgraduate Colloquium
Subtitle of host publicationProceedings of the University Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology 2017 Postgraduate Colloquium
PublisherAmerican Institute of Physics Inc.
Volume1940
ISBN (Electronic)9780735416321
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 4 Apr 2018
Event2017 UKM FST Postgraduate Colloquium - Selangor, Malaysia
Duration: 12 Jul 201713 Jul 2017

Other

Other2017 UKM FST Postgraduate Colloquium
CountryMalaysia
CitySelangor
Period12/7/1713/7/17

Fingerprint

fatty acids
esters
oils
synthesis
nuclear magnetic resonance
flame ionization
Fourier transformation
lubricants
gas chromatography
resources
alcohols
thermal stability
catalysts
acids
protons
carbon
detectors
room temperature
liquids
spectroscopy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Nor, N. M., Derawi, D., & Salimon, J. (2018). Synthesis of palm oil fatty acid and trimethylolpropane based ester for biolubricant base stocks. In 2017 UKM FST Postgraduate Colloquium: Proceedings of the University Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology 2017 Postgraduate Colloquium (Vol. 1940). [020095] American Institute of Physics Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5028010

Synthesis of palm oil fatty acid and trimethylolpropane based ester for biolubricant base stocks. / Nor, Nurazira Mohd; Derawi, Darfizzi; Salimon, Jumat.

2017 UKM FST Postgraduate Colloquium: Proceedings of the University Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology 2017 Postgraduate Colloquium. Vol. 1940 American Institute of Physics Inc., 2018. 020095.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Nor, NM, Derawi, D & Salimon, J 2018, Synthesis of palm oil fatty acid and trimethylolpropane based ester for biolubricant base stocks. in 2017 UKM FST Postgraduate Colloquium: Proceedings of the University Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology 2017 Postgraduate Colloquium. vol. 1940, 020095, American Institute of Physics Inc., 2017 UKM FST Postgraduate Colloquium, Selangor, Malaysia, 12/7/17. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5028010
Nor NM, Derawi D, Salimon J. Synthesis of palm oil fatty acid and trimethylolpropane based ester for biolubricant base stocks. In 2017 UKM FST Postgraduate Colloquium: Proceedings of the University Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology 2017 Postgraduate Colloquium. Vol. 1940. American Institute of Physics Inc. 2018. 020095 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5028010
Nor, Nurazira Mohd ; Derawi, Darfizzi ; Salimon, Jumat. / Synthesis of palm oil fatty acid and trimethylolpropane based ester for biolubricant base stocks. 2017 UKM FST Postgraduate Colloquium: Proceedings of the University Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology 2017 Postgraduate Colloquium. Vol. 1940 American Institute of Physics Inc., 2018.
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