Synthesis of anti-radiation ceramic from raw Malaysian kaolin and barite

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Raw kaolin from Kota Tinggi, Johor, Malaysia and local industrial grade barite (BaSO4) were used in this study to produce a ceramic mullite (3Al2O22SiO2) for radiation shielding materials. In this work, an attempt is made to study the potential of local minerals to be used as a shielding barrier for diagnostic radiology facilities in hospitals and medical centers in Malaysia. The conventional ceramic processing method was employed to produce five ceramic samples in different composition rates of kaolin and barite at varying wt. (weight, %) of 10, 20, 30, 40 and 50 %, respectively. The ceramic obtained were characterized using X-ray diffractometer (XRD) and SEM to study the phase formation and morphology of each of the samples. The lead equivalent (LE) test and integrity test are carried out using 122 keV of gamma energy from cobalt-57 (Co-57) to determine the radiation attenuation and sample homogeneity. Three main phases are presences which are barites, quartz and zeolite according to XRD and SEM. No mullite phase's presence in all of the tested ceramic samples. The highest lead equivalent thickness is S1 with 0.33 mm Pb and the highest integrity of the samples is S2 with 0.4 %. According to lead equivalent test, homogeneity test and dose reduction of 65 % the ceramics produced can be used as a shielding in medical X-ray facilities.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationGreen Design and Manufacture
Subtitle of host publicationAdvanced and Emerging Applications: Proceeding of the 4th International Conference on Green Design and Manufacture 2018
EditorsMuhammad Faheem Bin Mohd Tahir, Romisuhani Ahmad, Mohd Nasir Bin Mat Saad, Mohd Fathullah Bin Ghazli, Mohd Mustafa Al-Bakri Abdullah, Shayfull Zamree Bin Abd. Rahim, Liyana Binti Jamaludin
PublisherAmerican Institute of Physics Inc.
Volume2030
ISBN (Electronic)9780735417526
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 9 Nov 2018
Event4th International Conference on Green Design and Manufacture 2018, IConGDM 2018 - Ho Chi Minh, Viet Nam
Duration: 29 Apr 201830 Apr 2018

Other

Other4th International Conference on Green Design and Manufacture 2018, IConGDM 2018
CountryViet Nam
CityHo Chi Minh
Period29/4/1830/4/18

Fingerprint

barite
ceramics
radiation
synthesis
Malaysia
diffractometers
integrity
homogeneity
shielding
radiation shielding
scanning electron microscopy
x rays
radiology
grade
cobalt
quartz
attenuation
minerals
dosage

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Ripin, A., K.P. Kunchi Mohamed, F., & Idris, M. I. (2018). Synthesis of anti-radiation ceramic from raw Malaysian kaolin and barite. In M. F. B. M. Tahir, R. Ahmad, M. N. B. M. Saad, M. F. B. Ghazli, M. M. A-B. Abdullah, S. Z. B. A. Rahim, & L. B. Jamaludin (Eds.), Green Design and Manufacture: Advanced and Emerging Applications: Proceeding of the 4th International Conference on Green Design and Manufacture 2018 (Vol. 2030). [020311] American Institute of Physics Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5066952

Synthesis of anti-radiation ceramic from raw Malaysian kaolin and barite. / Ripin, Azuhar; K.P. Kunchi Mohamed, Faizal; Idris, Mohd Idzat.

Green Design and Manufacture: Advanced and Emerging Applications: Proceeding of the 4th International Conference on Green Design and Manufacture 2018. ed. / Muhammad Faheem Bin Mohd Tahir; Romisuhani Ahmad; Mohd Nasir Bin Mat Saad; Mohd Fathullah Bin Ghazli; Mohd Mustafa Al-Bakri Abdullah; Shayfull Zamree Bin Abd. Rahim; Liyana Binti Jamaludin. Vol. 2030 American Institute of Physics Inc., 2018. 020311.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Ripin, A, K.P. Kunchi Mohamed, F & Idris, MI 2018, Synthesis of anti-radiation ceramic from raw Malaysian kaolin and barite. in MFBM Tahir, R Ahmad, MNBM Saad, MFB Ghazli, MMA-B Abdullah, SZBA Rahim & LB Jamaludin (eds), Green Design and Manufacture: Advanced and Emerging Applications: Proceeding of the 4th International Conference on Green Design and Manufacture 2018. vol. 2030, 020311, American Institute of Physics Inc., 4th International Conference on Green Design and Manufacture 2018, IConGDM 2018, Ho Chi Minh, Viet Nam, 29/4/18. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5066952
Ripin A, K.P. Kunchi Mohamed F, Idris MI. Synthesis of anti-radiation ceramic from raw Malaysian kaolin and barite. In Tahir MFBM, Ahmad R, Saad MNBM, Ghazli MFB, Abdullah MMA-B, Rahim SZBA, Jamaludin LB, editors, Green Design and Manufacture: Advanced and Emerging Applications: Proceeding of the 4th International Conference on Green Design and Manufacture 2018. Vol. 2030. American Institute of Physics Inc. 2018. 020311 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5066952
Ripin, Azuhar ; K.P. Kunchi Mohamed, Faizal ; Idris, Mohd Idzat. / Synthesis of anti-radiation ceramic from raw Malaysian kaolin and barite. Green Design and Manufacture: Advanced and Emerging Applications: Proceeding of the 4th International Conference on Green Design and Manufacture 2018. editor / Muhammad Faheem Bin Mohd Tahir ; Romisuhani Ahmad ; Mohd Nasir Bin Mat Saad ; Mohd Fathullah Bin Ghazli ; Mohd Mustafa Al-Bakri Abdullah ; Shayfull Zamree Bin Abd. Rahim ; Liyana Binti Jamaludin. Vol. 2030 American Institute of Physics Inc., 2018.
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