Synthesis and physicochemical properties of partially and fully epoxidized methyl linoleate derived from jatropha curcas oil

Yan Ni Lye, Jumat Salimon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Partial epoxidation of methyl linoleate was carried out at room temperature (30 °C) using a methyltrioxorhenium catalyst in the presence of pyridine and urea-hydrogen peroxide. Full epoxidation of methyl linoleate was carried out using the Prilezhaev method. The reactions were monitored using the oxirane oxygen content value. The products from partial and full epoxidation were analyzed using GC-FID, FTIR, NMR and GC-MS. Methyl 9,10-epoxy-12Z-octadecenoate and methyl 12,13-epoxy-9Z-octadecenoate were obtained as the major products from partial epoxidation, with a percent yield of 46 %. The product from full epoxidation afforded 97 % yield with methyl 9,10-12,13-diepoxyoctadecanoate as the major component. Physicochemical properties such as kinematic viscosity, viscosity index, crystallization temperature and oxidative stability were examined. Fully epoxidized methyl linoleate exhibits superior kinematic viscosity and oxidative stability due to the complete conversion of double bonds to epoxy groups. Partially epoxidized methyl linoleate exhibits intermediate kinematic viscosity, viscosity index, crystallization temperature and oxidative stability.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)257-266
Number of pages10
JournalJAOCS, Journal of the American Oil Chemists' Society
Volume92
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

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Epoxidation
Oils
Viscosity
Crystallization
Ethylene Oxide
Hydrogen peroxide
Urea
Pyridine
Temperature
Hydrogen Peroxide
Nuclear magnetic resonance
methyl linoleate
Oxygen
Catalysts

Keywords

  • Crystallization temperature
  • Epoxidation
  • Methyltrioxorhenium
  • Oxidative stability
  • Urea hydrogen peroxide
  • Viscosity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Organic Chemistry

Cite this

Synthesis and physicochemical properties of partially and fully epoxidized methyl linoleate derived from jatropha curcas oil. / Lye, Yan Ni; Salimon, Jumat.

In: JAOCS, Journal of the American Oil Chemists' Society, Vol. 92, No. 2, 2015, p. 257-266.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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