Synthesis and optimization of future hydrogen energy infrastructure planning in Peninsular Malaysia

Siti Kartom Kamarudin, Wan Ramli Wan Daud, Zahira Yaakob, Z. Misron, W. Anuar, N. N A N Yusuf

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

48 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The potential future use of hydrogen as an energy carrier in the transportation sector necessitates a shift in the current energy supply chain from supplying petroleum products such as gasoline and diesel, to supply hydrogen. This research was carried out to investigate hydrogen demand and determine the optimum hydrogen delivery network employing truck transportation. Peninsular Malaysia was taken as a case study. The hydrogen demand was determined using two method: Firstly, by assuming that the hydrogen demand in Peninsular Malaysia as a function of total vehicle numbers, average total distance traveled and vehicle fuel economy were measured. While the second method investigated based on the current supply of gasoline and diesel from surveys on local petrol stations in Peninsular Malaysia. As a result, the second method was found as more accurate method and adopted as the overall energy demand in Peninsular Malaysia. Objective function for total investment cost for the future hydrogen infrastructure was developed based on the production technologies, type of transport, type of storage, product phase and plant type. The model was solved based on MILP using GAMS. Finally from the result, it can be concluded that liquefied hydrogen produced by natural gas steam reforming and delivered via tanker trucks is the optimum hydrogen supply chain method due to the minimum cost.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2077-2088
Number of pages12
JournalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Volume34
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2009

Fingerprint

Malaysia
planning
Planning
Hydrogen
optimization
hydrogen
synthesis
energy
gasoline
trucks
Supply chains
Gasoline
vehicles
Truck transportation
petroleum products
Tank trucks
costs
Petroleum products
supplying
Steam reforming

Keywords

  • Economy
  • Fuel
  • General algebraic modeling system (GAMS)
  • Hydrogen energy
  • MILP
  • Optimization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Fuel Technology
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology

Cite this

Synthesis and optimization of future hydrogen energy infrastructure planning in Peninsular Malaysia. / Kamarudin, Siti Kartom; Wan Daud, Wan Ramli; Yaakob, Zahira; Misron, Z.; Anuar, W.; Yusuf, N. N A N.

In: International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, Vol. 34, No. 5, 03.2009, p. 2077-2088.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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