Synthesis and characterization of polyesters derived from glycerol, azelaic acid, and succinic acid

Mohd Najib Baharu, Abdul Amir H. Kadhum, Ahmed A. Al-Amiery, Abu Bakar Mohamad

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A research was conducted to synthesize new elastic polymers via polyesterification of glycerol (GE) with azelaic (AZ) and succinic acids (SU) as an added value to the surplus of GE from palm oil industry in Malaysia. This paper reports the successful, simple synthesis of unique elastic polyesters via the catalyst-free polyesterification of multifunctional monomers derived from GE, AZ, and SU. The ratio of the diacid to the alcohol used in this experiment was 1:1. The resulting polyesters, specifically, poly(GE/azelate/succinate), p(GAS), were characterized using nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (NMR), Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), gel permeation chromatography (GPC), thermal gravimetric analysis (TGA), and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). The thermal stability increases with an increasing number of azelate units in the polyesters. The desired final product can be achieved by tuning the monomer ratio and the water removal efficiency.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)31-38
Number of pages8
JournalGreen Chemistry Letters and Reviews
Volume8
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2015

Fingerprint

Polyesters
calorimetry
Succinic Acid
oil industry
FTIR spectroscopy
Glycerol
chromatography
nuclear magnetic resonance
alcohol
gel
polymer
catalyst
spectroscopy
acid
Succinates
Monomers
experiment
water
Gravimetric analysis
Gel permeation chromatography

Keywords

  • Azelaic acid
  • Glycerol
  • Polyesterification
  • Succinate

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Environmental Chemistry

Cite this

Synthesis and characterization of polyesters derived from glycerol, azelaic acid, and succinic acid. / Baharu, Mohd Najib; Kadhum, Abdul Amir H.; Al-Amiery, Ahmed A.; Mohamad, Abu Bakar.

In: Green Chemistry Letters and Reviews, Vol. 8, No. 1, 01.01.2015, p. 31-38.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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