Synthesis and characterization of polybenzoxazine thermoset via solventless method

Y. J. Tan, N. F. Rohimi, R. Roslan, N. Salim, S. N.H. Mustapha, Sarani Zakaria

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

In spite of the advancement of science and technology, there is an undeniable fact that the growing global energy crisis and current environmental issues due to the utilization of fossil resources to synthesis polymeric materials. Hence, the expanding interest has been initiated for a change from fossil feedstock to sustainable and renewable resources. In this study, bio-based polybenzoxazine and conventional petroleum-based polybenzoxazine was synthesized from eugenol (renewable alcohol derivative) and phenol (non-renewable alcohol derivative) respectively by Mannich-like condensation reaction using eco-friendly solventless approach to investigate their chemical and thermal properties. The functional groups and thermal behavior of eugenol-based polybenzoxazine (EbP) and phenol-based polybenzoxazine (PbP) were characterized using Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). Based on the results, PbP is more reactive due to the higher degree of substitution and intermolecular hydrogen bonding according to the peak at 1612.02 cm-1. The thermal stability of PbP is higher compared to EbP due to the high degree of crosslinking as the percentage of weight loss of EbP is higher. However, the findings also show that bio-based polybenzoxazine can be synthesized via solventless method and has momentous impacts for the design of new fully bio-based polybenzoxazine with sustainable, competitive and superior performance than conventional petroleum-based polybenzoxazine.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationGreen Design and Manufacture
Subtitle of host publicationAdvanced and Emerging Applications: Proceeding of the 4th International Conference on Green Design and Manufacture 2018
EditorsMuhammad Faheem Bin Mohd Tahir, Romisuhani Ahmad, Mohd Nasir Bin Mat Saad, Mohd Fathullah Bin Ghazli, Mohd Mustafa Al-Bakri Abdullah, Shayfull Zamree Bin Abd. Rahim, Liyana Binti Jamaludin
PublisherAmerican Institute of Physics Inc.
Volume2030
ISBN (Electronic)9780735417526
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 9 Nov 2018
Event4th International Conference on Green Design and Manufacture 2018, IConGDM 2018 - Ho Chi Minh, Viet Nam
Duration: 29 Apr 201830 Apr 2018

Other

Other4th International Conference on Green Design and Manufacture 2018, IConGDM 2018
CountryViet Nam
CityHo Chi Minh
Period29/4/1830/4/18

Fingerprint

phenols
fossils
synthesis
crude oil
resources
alcohols
crosslinking
chemical properties
thermal stability
thermodynamic properties
condensation
infrared spectroscopy
substitutes
hydrogen
energy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Tan, Y. J., Rohimi, N. F., Roslan, R., Salim, N., Mustapha, S. N. H., & Zakaria, S. (2018). Synthesis and characterization of polybenzoxazine thermoset via solventless method. In M. F. B. M. Tahir, R. Ahmad, M. N. B. M. Saad, M. F. B. Ghazli, M. M. A-B. Abdullah, S. Z. B. A. Rahim, & L. B. Jamaludin (Eds.), Green Design and Manufacture: Advanced and Emerging Applications: Proceeding of the 4th International Conference on Green Design and Manufacture 2018 (Vol. 2030). [020225] American Institute of Physics Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5066866

Synthesis and characterization of polybenzoxazine thermoset via solventless method. / Tan, Y. J.; Rohimi, N. F.; Roslan, R.; Salim, N.; Mustapha, S. N.H.; Zakaria, Sarani.

Green Design and Manufacture: Advanced and Emerging Applications: Proceeding of the 4th International Conference on Green Design and Manufacture 2018. ed. / Muhammad Faheem Bin Mohd Tahir; Romisuhani Ahmad; Mohd Nasir Bin Mat Saad; Mohd Fathullah Bin Ghazli; Mohd Mustafa Al-Bakri Abdullah; Shayfull Zamree Bin Abd. Rahim; Liyana Binti Jamaludin. Vol. 2030 American Institute of Physics Inc., 2018. 020225.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Tan, YJ, Rohimi, NF, Roslan, R, Salim, N, Mustapha, SNH & Zakaria, S 2018, Synthesis and characterization of polybenzoxazine thermoset via solventless method. in MFBM Tahir, R Ahmad, MNBM Saad, MFB Ghazli, MMA-B Abdullah, SZBA Rahim & LB Jamaludin (eds), Green Design and Manufacture: Advanced and Emerging Applications: Proceeding of the 4th International Conference on Green Design and Manufacture 2018. vol. 2030, 020225, American Institute of Physics Inc., 4th International Conference on Green Design and Manufacture 2018, IConGDM 2018, Ho Chi Minh, Viet Nam, 29/4/18. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5066866
Tan YJ, Rohimi NF, Roslan R, Salim N, Mustapha SNH, Zakaria S. Synthesis and characterization of polybenzoxazine thermoset via solventless method. In Tahir MFBM, Ahmad R, Saad MNBM, Ghazli MFB, Abdullah MMA-B, Rahim SZBA, Jamaludin LB, editors, Green Design and Manufacture: Advanced and Emerging Applications: Proceeding of the 4th International Conference on Green Design and Manufacture 2018. Vol. 2030. American Institute of Physics Inc. 2018. 020225 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5066866
Tan, Y. J. ; Rohimi, N. F. ; Roslan, R. ; Salim, N. ; Mustapha, S. N.H. ; Zakaria, Sarani. / Synthesis and characterization of polybenzoxazine thermoset via solventless method. Green Design and Manufacture: Advanced and Emerging Applications: Proceeding of the 4th International Conference on Green Design and Manufacture 2018. editor / Muhammad Faheem Bin Mohd Tahir ; Romisuhani Ahmad ; Mohd Nasir Bin Mat Saad ; Mohd Fathullah Bin Ghazli ; Mohd Mustafa Al-Bakri Abdullah ; Shayfull Zamree Bin Abd. Rahim ; Liyana Binti Jamaludin. Vol. 2030 American Institute of Physics Inc., 2018.
@inproceedings{88198ed7750b4b299eed442f4fab0f86,
title = "Synthesis and characterization of polybenzoxazine thermoset via solventless method",
abstract = "In spite of the advancement of science and technology, there is an undeniable fact that the growing global energy crisis and current environmental issues due to the utilization of fossil resources to synthesis polymeric materials. Hence, the expanding interest has been initiated for a change from fossil feedstock to sustainable and renewable resources. In this study, bio-based polybenzoxazine and conventional petroleum-based polybenzoxazine was synthesized from eugenol (renewable alcohol derivative) and phenol (non-renewable alcohol derivative) respectively by Mannich-like condensation reaction using eco-friendly solventless approach to investigate their chemical and thermal properties. The functional groups and thermal behavior of eugenol-based polybenzoxazine (EbP) and phenol-based polybenzoxazine (PbP) were characterized using Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). Based on the results, PbP is more reactive due to the higher degree of substitution and intermolecular hydrogen bonding according to the peak at 1612.02 cm-1. The thermal stability of PbP is higher compared to EbP due to the high degree of crosslinking as the percentage of weight loss of EbP is higher. However, the findings also show that bio-based polybenzoxazine can be synthesized via solventless method and has momentous impacts for the design of new fully bio-based polybenzoxazine with sustainable, competitive and superior performance than conventional petroleum-based polybenzoxazine.",
author = "Tan, {Y. J.} and Rohimi, {N. F.} and R. Roslan and N. Salim and Mustapha, {S. N.H.} and Sarani Zakaria",
year = "2018",
month = "11",
day = "9",
doi = "10.1063/1.5066866",
language = "English",
volume = "2030",
editor = "Tahir, {Muhammad Faheem Bin Mohd} and Romisuhani Ahmad and Saad, {Mohd Nasir Bin Mat} and Ghazli, {Mohd Fathullah Bin} and Abdullah, {Mohd Mustafa Al-Bakri} and Rahim, {Shayfull Zamree Bin Abd.} and Jamaludin, {Liyana Binti}",
booktitle = "Green Design and Manufacture",
publisher = "American Institute of Physics Inc.",

}

TY - GEN

T1 - Synthesis and characterization of polybenzoxazine thermoset via solventless method

AU - Tan, Y. J.

AU - Rohimi, N. F.

AU - Roslan, R.

AU - Salim, N.

AU - Mustapha, S. N.H.

AU - Zakaria, Sarani

PY - 2018/11/9

Y1 - 2018/11/9

N2 - In spite of the advancement of science and technology, there is an undeniable fact that the growing global energy crisis and current environmental issues due to the utilization of fossil resources to synthesis polymeric materials. Hence, the expanding interest has been initiated for a change from fossil feedstock to sustainable and renewable resources. In this study, bio-based polybenzoxazine and conventional petroleum-based polybenzoxazine was synthesized from eugenol (renewable alcohol derivative) and phenol (non-renewable alcohol derivative) respectively by Mannich-like condensation reaction using eco-friendly solventless approach to investigate their chemical and thermal properties. The functional groups and thermal behavior of eugenol-based polybenzoxazine (EbP) and phenol-based polybenzoxazine (PbP) were characterized using Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). Based on the results, PbP is more reactive due to the higher degree of substitution and intermolecular hydrogen bonding according to the peak at 1612.02 cm-1. The thermal stability of PbP is higher compared to EbP due to the high degree of crosslinking as the percentage of weight loss of EbP is higher. However, the findings also show that bio-based polybenzoxazine can be synthesized via solventless method and has momentous impacts for the design of new fully bio-based polybenzoxazine with sustainable, competitive and superior performance than conventional petroleum-based polybenzoxazine.

AB - In spite of the advancement of science and technology, there is an undeniable fact that the growing global energy crisis and current environmental issues due to the utilization of fossil resources to synthesis polymeric materials. Hence, the expanding interest has been initiated for a change from fossil feedstock to sustainable and renewable resources. In this study, bio-based polybenzoxazine and conventional petroleum-based polybenzoxazine was synthesized from eugenol (renewable alcohol derivative) and phenol (non-renewable alcohol derivative) respectively by Mannich-like condensation reaction using eco-friendly solventless approach to investigate their chemical and thermal properties. The functional groups and thermal behavior of eugenol-based polybenzoxazine (EbP) and phenol-based polybenzoxazine (PbP) were characterized using Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). Based on the results, PbP is more reactive due to the higher degree of substitution and intermolecular hydrogen bonding according to the peak at 1612.02 cm-1. The thermal stability of PbP is higher compared to EbP due to the high degree of crosslinking as the percentage of weight loss of EbP is higher. However, the findings also show that bio-based polybenzoxazine can be synthesized via solventless method and has momentous impacts for the design of new fully bio-based polybenzoxazine with sustainable, competitive and superior performance than conventional petroleum-based polybenzoxazine.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85058054730&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85058054730&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1063/1.5066866

DO - 10.1063/1.5066866

M3 - Conference contribution

AN - SCOPUS:85058054730

VL - 2030

BT - Green Design and Manufacture

A2 - Tahir, Muhammad Faheem Bin Mohd

A2 - Ahmad, Romisuhani

A2 - Saad, Mohd Nasir Bin Mat

A2 - Ghazli, Mohd Fathullah Bin

A2 - Abdullah, Mohd Mustafa Al-Bakri

A2 - Rahim, Shayfull Zamree Bin Abd.

A2 - Jamaludin, Liyana Binti

PB - American Institute of Physics Inc.

ER -