Synthesis and characterization of natural extracted precursor Date Palm Fibre-based activated carbon for Aluminum removal by RSM optimization

Alfarooq O. Basheer, Marlia Mohd Hanafiah, Mohammed Abdulhakim Alsaadi, Y. Al-Douri, M. A. Malek, Mustafa Mohammed Aljumaily, Seef Saadi Fiyadh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The Powder-Activated Carbon (PAC) under optimum conditions from a new low-cost precursor Date Palm Fibre (DPF) biomass through a carbonization followed by KOH activation has been synthesized by response surface methodology (RSM) combined with central composite design (CCD). The special effects of activation temperature, time, and impregnation ratio on bio-PAC Aluminum (Al3+) removal and uptake capacity were examined. The optimum conditions for synthesized bio-PAC were found to be 99.4% and 9.94 mg g-1 for Al3+ removal and uptake capacity, respectively at activation temperature 650 °C, activation time 1h and impregnation ratio 1. The optimum bio-PAC was characterized and analyzed using FESEM, FTIR, XRD, TGA, BET, and Zeta potential. RSM-CCD experimental design was used to optimize removal and uptake capacity of Al3+ on bio-PAC. Optimum conditions were found to be at bio-PAC dose of 5 mg with pH 9.48 and contact time of 117 min. Furthermore, at optimized conditions of Al3+ removal, kinetic, and isotherm models were investigated. The results reveal the feasibility of DPF biomass to be used as a potential and cost-effective precursor for synthesized bio-PAC for Al3+ removal.

Original languageEnglish
Article number249
JournalProcesses
Volume7
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2019

Fingerprint

Aluminum
Powders
Activated carbon
Fibers
Chemical activation
Impregnation
Biomass
Special effects
Carbonization
Composite materials
Zeta potential
Design of experiments
Isotherms
Costs
Temperature
Kinetics

Keywords

  • Aluminum removal
  • Biomass
  • Date palm fibre
  • Optimization
  • Powder-activated carbon
  • Wastewater treatment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering
  • Chemical Engineering (miscellaneous)
  • Process Chemistry and Technology

Cite this

Synthesis and characterization of natural extracted precursor Date Palm Fibre-based activated carbon for Aluminum removal by RSM optimization. / Basheer, Alfarooq O.; Mohd Hanafiah, Marlia; Alsaadi, Mohammed Abdulhakim; Al-Douri, Y.; Malek, M. A.; Aljumaily, Mustafa Mohammed; Fiyadh, Seef Saadi.

In: Processes, Vol. 7, No. 5, 249, 01.05.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Basheer, Alfarooq O. ; Mohd Hanafiah, Marlia ; Alsaadi, Mohammed Abdulhakim ; Al-Douri, Y. ; Malek, M. A. ; Aljumaily, Mustafa Mohammed ; Fiyadh, Seef Saadi. / Synthesis and characterization of natural extracted precursor Date Palm Fibre-based activated carbon for Aluminum removal by RSM optimization. In: Processes. 2019 ; Vol. 7, No. 5.
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