Synthesis and application of polypyrrole/carrageenan nano-bio composite as a cathode catalyst in microbial fuel cells

Chakavak Esmaeili, Mostafa Ghasemi, Yook Heng Lee, Sedky H A Hassan, Mahnaz M. Abdi, Wan Ramli Wan Daud, Hamid Ilbeygi, Ahmad Fauzi Ismail

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

28 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A novel nano-bio composite polypyrrole (PPy)/kappa-carrageenan(KC) was fabricated and characterized for application as a cathode catalyst in a microbial fuel cell (MFC). High resolution SEM and TEM verified the bud-like shape and uniform distribution of the PPy in the KC matrix. X-ray diffraction (XRD) has approved the amorphous structure of the PPy/KC as well. The PPy/KC nano-bio composites were then studied as an electrode material, due to their oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) ability as the cathode catalyst in the MFC and the results were compared with platinum (Pt) as the most common cathode catalyst. The produced power density of the PPy/KC was 72.1 mW/m2 while it was 46.8 mW/m2 and 28.8 mW/m2 for KC and PPy individually. The efficiency of the PPy/KC electrode system is slightly lower than a Pt electrode (79.9 mW/m2) but due to the high cost of Pt electrodes, the PPy/KC electrode system has potential to be an alternative electrode system for MFCs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)253-259
Number of pages7
JournalCarbohydrate Polymers
Volume114
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 19 Dec 2014

Fingerprint

Microbial fuel cells
Carrageenan
Polypyrroles
Cathodes
Catalysts
Composite materials
Electrodes
Platinum
polypyrrole
Oxygen
Transmission electron microscopy
X ray diffraction
Scanning electron microscopy

Keywords

  • Cathode catalyst
  • Kappa-carrageenan
  • Microbial fuel cell
  • Nano-bio composite
  • Polypyrole

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Organic Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics

Cite this

Synthesis and application of polypyrrole/carrageenan nano-bio composite as a cathode catalyst in microbial fuel cells. / Esmaeili, Chakavak; Ghasemi, Mostafa; Lee, Yook Heng; Hassan, Sedky H A; Abdi, Mahnaz M.; Wan Daud, Wan Ramli; Ilbeygi, Hamid; Ismail, Ahmad Fauzi.

In: Carbohydrate Polymers, Vol. 114, 19.12.2014, p. 253-259.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Esmaeili, Chakavak ; Ghasemi, Mostafa ; Lee, Yook Heng ; Hassan, Sedky H A ; Abdi, Mahnaz M. ; Wan Daud, Wan Ramli ; Ilbeygi, Hamid ; Ismail, Ahmad Fauzi. / Synthesis and application of polypyrrole/carrageenan nano-bio composite as a cathode catalyst in microbial fuel cells. In: Carbohydrate Polymers. 2014 ; Vol. 114. pp. 253-259.
@article{92b8920646934c69ae977d40bd56d300,
title = "Synthesis and application of polypyrrole/carrageenan nano-bio composite as a cathode catalyst in microbial fuel cells",
abstract = "A novel nano-bio composite polypyrrole (PPy)/kappa-carrageenan(KC) was fabricated and characterized for application as a cathode catalyst in a microbial fuel cell (MFC). High resolution SEM and TEM verified the bud-like shape and uniform distribution of the PPy in the KC matrix. X-ray diffraction (XRD) has approved the amorphous structure of the PPy/KC as well. The PPy/KC nano-bio composites were then studied as an electrode material, due to their oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) ability as the cathode catalyst in the MFC and the results were compared with platinum (Pt) as the most common cathode catalyst. The produced power density of the PPy/KC was 72.1 mW/m2 while it was 46.8 mW/m2 and 28.8 mW/m2 for KC and PPy individually. The efficiency of the PPy/KC electrode system is slightly lower than a Pt electrode (79.9 mW/m2) but due to the high cost of Pt electrodes, the PPy/KC electrode system has potential to be an alternative electrode system for MFCs.",
keywords = "Cathode catalyst, Kappa-carrageenan, Microbial fuel cell, Nano-bio composite, Polypyrole",
author = "Chakavak Esmaeili and Mostafa Ghasemi and Lee, {Yook Heng} and Hassan, {Sedky H A} and Abdi, {Mahnaz M.} and {Wan Daud}, {Wan Ramli} and Hamid Ilbeygi and Ismail, {Ahmad Fauzi}",
year = "2014",
month = "12",
day = "19",
doi = "10.1016/j.carbpol.2014.07.072",
language = "English",
volume = "114",
pages = "253--259",
journal = "Carbohydrate Polymers",
issn = "0144-8617",
publisher = "Elsevier Limited",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Synthesis and application of polypyrrole/carrageenan nano-bio composite as a cathode catalyst in microbial fuel cells

AU - Esmaeili, Chakavak

AU - Ghasemi, Mostafa

AU - Lee, Yook Heng

AU - Hassan, Sedky H A

AU - Abdi, Mahnaz M.

AU - Wan Daud, Wan Ramli

AU - Ilbeygi, Hamid

AU - Ismail, Ahmad Fauzi

PY - 2014/12/19

Y1 - 2014/12/19

N2 - A novel nano-bio composite polypyrrole (PPy)/kappa-carrageenan(KC) was fabricated and characterized for application as a cathode catalyst in a microbial fuel cell (MFC). High resolution SEM and TEM verified the bud-like shape and uniform distribution of the PPy in the KC matrix. X-ray diffraction (XRD) has approved the amorphous structure of the PPy/KC as well. The PPy/KC nano-bio composites were then studied as an electrode material, due to their oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) ability as the cathode catalyst in the MFC and the results were compared with platinum (Pt) as the most common cathode catalyst. The produced power density of the PPy/KC was 72.1 mW/m2 while it was 46.8 mW/m2 and 28.8 mW/m2 for KC and PPy individually. The efficiency of the PPy/KC electrode system is slightly lower than a Pt electrode (79.9 mW/m2) but due to the high cost of Pt electrodes, the PPy/KC electrode system has potential to be an alternative electrode system for MFCs.

AB - A novel nano-bio composite polypyrrole (PPy)/kappa-carrageenan(KC) was fabricated and characterized for application as a cathode catalyst in a microbial fuel cell (MFC). High resolution SEM and TEM verified the bud-like shape and uniform distribution of the PPy in the KC matrix. X-ray diffraction (XRD) has approved the amorphous structure of the PPy/KC as well. The PPy/KC nano-bio composites were then studied as an electrode material, due to their oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) ability as the cathode catalyst in the MFC and the results were compared with platinum (Pt) as the most common cathode catalyst. The produced power density of the PPy/KC was 72.1 mW/m2 while it was 46.8 mW/m2 and 28.8 mW/m2 for KC and PPy individually. The efficiency of the PPy/KC electrode system is slightly lower than a Pt electrode (79.9 mW/m2) but due to the high cost of Pt electrodes, the PPy/KC electrode system has potential to be an alternative electrode system for MFCs.

KW - Cathode catalyst

KW - Kappa-carrageenan

KW - Microbial fuel cell

KW - Nano-bio composite

KW - Polypyrole

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84906847692&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84906847692&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.carbpol.2014.07.072

DO - 10.1016/j.carbpol.2014.07.072

M3 - Article

C2 - 25263889

AN - SCOPUS:84906847692

VL - 114

SP - 253

EP - 259

JO - Carbohydrate Polymers

JF - Carbohydrate Polymers

SN - 0144-8617

ER -