Sustainable operation practices

The case of Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia

Husayni Idi Kwami, Abdul Halim Ismail, Adi Irfan Che Ani, Halizah Omar, Maharam Mamat

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

University operations are very complex, alter the biophysical environment, and involve considerable unsustainable energy, water, transportation, waste generation, and materials consumption. Human and material resource interaction is also required in day-to-day operations. Therefore, the objective of this study is to develop indicators to assess sustainability operations in Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM). The researchers administered a survey questionnaire to 37 sampled staff respondents from two research institutes that closely related to sustainability practices, and the result of the analyzed data showed that both p-values are greater than 0.05 at 95% level of significance. Thus, the hypothesis postulating that the mean responses of the staff regarding the sustainability of operational activities do not differ based on their institutions and experience is accepted. Study results also show that the sustainability of university operations are at a medium-to-low level, with a mean score of 2.80 or a 56% (silver) rating. This medium-to-low mean score was attributed to high water and energy consumption, high carbon footprint, and greenhouse gas emissions. UKM operational activities generate a high carbon footprint. Thus, the university must strive to improve its present silver rating to gold or platinum levels of 65%+ and 85%+, respectively. The researchers conclude that operational activities in UKM are not really sustainable, and the university must enhance its physical planning and operations management by following Malaysian Green Building Index requirements and establishing an effectively funded sustainability office for research and action planning to successfully fulfill its teaching and research functions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)74-85
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Engineering Science and Technology
Volume12
Issue numberSpecial Issue
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2017

Fingerprint

Sustainable development
Carbon footprint
Silver
Planning
Gas emissions
Greenhouse gases
Platinum
Water
Teaching
Thermodynamic properties
Energy utilization
Gold

Keywords

  • Campus operations
  • Footprint
  • Higher education
  • Sustainable university
  • Talloires declaration

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)

Cite this

Sustainable operation practices : The case of Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia. / Kwami, Husayni Idi; Ismail, Abdul Halim; Che Ani, Adi Irfan; Omar, Halizah; Mamat, Maharam.

In: Journal of Engineering Science and Technology, Vol. 12, No. Special Issue, 01.01.2017, p. 74-85.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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