Sustainable cities: A proposed environmental integrity index (EII) for decision making

Shagufta T. Shathy, Mohammad Imam Hasan Reza

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Urban population has been increasing at an unprecedented rate accommodating more than half of the world population in cities. Massive human intervention in the tropical region contributes to loss of environmental integrity amplifying challenges like air pollution, deforestation, water scarcity, local extinction, and destruction of natural landscapes. To shape the international community's attitude toward economic, social, and environmental development regarding environmental integrity different methods- Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD+), Clean Development Mechanism (CMD)-are introduced. However, these methods have some limitations along with opportunities. This paper reviewed and analyzed existing methods in order to promote environmental integrity in the rapidly growing urban settings. Based on the drawbacks of current methods a new Environmental Integrity Index (EII) is proposed where indicators are selected while considering social, economic, and environmental aspects. The index aims to combine data from field surveys, GIS and remote sensing, and economic and social analysis. We anticipate that this proposed index can support planning for sustainable cities by promoting environmental integrity and balancing biological and ecological components in a highly intricate urban system.

Original languageEnglish
Article number82
JournalFrontiers in Environmental Science
Volume4
Issue numberDEC
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 26 Dec 2016

Fingerprint

decision making
deforestation
clean development mechanism
local extinction
urban system
urban population
social development
tropical region
economic analysis
field survey
economic development
atmospheric pollution
GIS
remote sensing
degradation
index
method
city
economics
water

Keywords

  • Decision support system
  • Southeast Asian landscapes
  • Sustainability indicators
  • Sustainable cities
  • Sustainable urban planning
  • Urban climate

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Science(all)

Cite this

Sustainable cities : A proposed environmental integrity index (EII) for decision making. / Shathy, Shagufta T.; Reza, Mohammad Imam Hasan.

In: Frontiers in Environmental Science, Vol. 4, No. DEC, 82, 26.12.2016.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Shathy, Shagufta T. ; Reza, Mohammad Imam Hasan. / Sustainable cities : A proposed environmental integrity index (EII) for decision making. In: Frontiers in Environmental Science. 2016 ; Vol. 4, No. DEC.
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