Surfactants in the sea-surface microlayer and atmospheric aerosol around the southern region of Peninsular Malaysia

Shoffian Amin Jaafar, Mohd Talib Latif, Chong Woan Chian, Wong Sook Han, Nurul Bahiyah Abd Wahid, Intan Suraya Razak, Firoz Khan, Norhayati Mohd Tahir

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study was conducted to determine the composition of surfactants in the sea-surface microlayer (SML) and atmospheric aerosol around the southern region of the Peninsular Malaysia. Surfactants in samples taken from the SML and atmospheric aerosol were determined using a colorimetric method, as either methylene blue active substances (MBAS) or disulphine blue active substances (DBAS). Principal component analysis with multiple linear regressions (PCA-MLR), using the anion and major element composition of the aerosol samples, was used to determine possible sources of surfactants in atmospheric aerosol. The results showed that the concentrations of surfactants in the SML and atmospheric aerosol were dominated by anionic surfactants and that surfactants in aerosol were not directly correlated (p>. 0.05) with surfactants in the SML. Further PCA-MLR from anion and major element concentrations showed that combustion of fossil fuel and sea spray were the major contributors to surfactants in aerosol in the study area.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)35-43
Number of pages9
JournalMarine Pollution Bulletin
Volume84
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Jul 2014

Fingerprint

microlayer
Atmospheric aerosols
aerosols
surfactants
Malaysia
surfactant
sea surface
Surface active agents
aerosol
Aerosols
Linear regression
anions
Principal component analysis
principal component analysis
Negative ions
anion
Anionic surfactants
methylene blue
fossil fuels
combustion

Keywords

  • Marine aerosols
  • Sea-surface microlayer
  • Source apportionment
  • Surfactants compositions

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aquatic Science
  • Oceanography
  • Pollution

Cite this

Surfactants in the sea-surface microlayer and atmospheric aerosol around the southern region of Peninsular Malaysia. / Jaafar, Shoffian Amin; Latif, Mohd Talib; Chian, Chong Woan; Han, Wong Sook; Wahid, Nurul Bahiyah Abd; Razak, Intan Suraya; Khan, Firoz; Tahir, Norhayati Mohd.

In: Marine Pollution Bulletin, Vol. 84, No. 1-2, 15.07.2014, p. 35-43.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Jaafar, Shoffian Amin ; Latif, Mohd Talib ; Chian, Chong Woan ; Han, Wong Sook ; Wahid, Nurul Bahiyah Abd ; Razak, Intan Suraya ; Khan, Firoz ; Tahir, Norhayati Mohd. / Surfactants in the sea-surface microlayer and atmospheric aerosol around the southern region of Peninsular Malaysia. In: Marine Pollution Bulletin. 2014 ; Vol. 84, No. 1-2. pp. 35-43.
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