210Po concentration analysis on tobacco and cigarettes in Malaysia

Muhammad Azfar Azman, Irman Abdul Rahman, Muhamad Samudi Yasir

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Tobacco or better known as the cigarette was smoked since ages. Although many efforts had been made by the Ministry of Health to prevent or reduce the cigarette problem, the smokers still consider that cigarette are not harmful to health. This work is conducted to study the concentration of radionuclides alpha in tobacco and tobacco products in Malaysia. The radionuclide sought in this study is 210Po which is an alpha emitter. The sample used are tobacco and cigarettes, the tobacco samples were taken from tobacco farms in Malaysia while the sample branded cigarettes Marlboro and Gudang Garam were bought in the supermarket. The objectives of this study are to determine the concentration of radionuclides 210Po in tobacco and tobacco products as well as to estimate the radioactivity doses contributing to the smokers in Malaysia. The results for Marlboro cigarettes and Gudang Garam were found to be on the average radionuclide concentration of 210Po is 13.3 mBq/g (Marlboro cigarettes) and 11.9 mBq/g (Gudang Garam). From the total concentration of the cigarette, the estimated annual contribution dose to smokers for every 20 cigarettes smoked per day are 111.9 ± 14.7 μSv/year for Marlboro cigarettes and 100.2 ± 3.3 μSv/year for Gudang Garam cigarettes. The average concentration of radionuclides for tobacco leaf tobacco for each area taken is 3.6 mBq /g for Bachok, 2.4 mBq /g for Tumpat and 3.1 mBq /g for Semerak district.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAIP Conference Proceedings
Pages417-422
Number of pages6
Volume1528
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013
Event2012 National Physics Conference, PERFIK 2012 - Bukit Tinggi, Pahang
Duration: 19 Nov 201221 Nov 2012

Other

Other2012 National Physics Conference, PERFIK 2012
CityBukit Tinggi, Pahang
Period19/11/1221/11/12

Fingerprint

Malaysia
tobacco
radioactive isotopes
health
dosage
products
radioactivity
leaves
emitters

Keywords

  • cigarette
  • concentration
  • dose
  • NORM
  • Polonium-210
  • radionuclide
  • tobacco

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Azman, M. A., Abdul Rahman, I., & Yasir, M. S. (2013). 210Po concentration analysis on tobacco and cigarettes in Malaysia. In AIP Conference Proceedings (Vol. 1528, pp. 417-422) https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4803637

210Po concentration analysis on tobacco and cigarettes in Malaysia. / Azman, Muhammad Azfar; Abdul Rahman, Irman; Yasir, Muhamad Samudi.

AIP Conference Proceedings. Vol. 1528 2013. p. 417-422.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Azman, MA, Abdul Rahman, I & Yasir, MS 2013, 210Po concentration analysis on tobacco and cigarettes in Malaysia. in AIP Conference Proceedings. vol. 1528, pp. 417-422, 2012 National Physics Conference, PERFIK 2012, Bukit Tinggi, Pahang, 19/11/12. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4803637
Azman MA, Abdul Rahman I, Yasir MS. 210Po concentration analysis on tobacco and cigarettes in Malaysia. In AIP Conference Proceedings. Vol. 1528. 2013. p. 417-422 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4803637
Azman, Muhammad Azfar ; Abdul Rahman, Irman ; Yasir, Muhamad Samudi. / 210Po concentration analysis on tobacco and cigarettes in Malaysia. AIP Conference Proceedings. Vol. 1528 2013. pp. 417-422
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