Sun exposure among healthy adults in a health facility

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Introduction: Sun exposure is a risk for skin cancer but is beneficial for multiple other diseases. Recommendations for photoprotection are well defined, guidelines for optimal sun exposure is not clear. We determined sun exposure in healthy adults, considering their skin phototype and amount of skin exposed. Methods: A cross sectional study was performed involving healthy adults working in a tertiary health facility. Fitzpatrick skin phototype quiz was used to determine skin phototype. Sun exposure was quantified as an index (SEI); body surface area exposed times duration of exposure. Results: We recruited 167 volunteers, 110(66%) women and 56(34%) men. Mean age was 29.77±6.58 years, 124(74.7%) were Malay, 27(16.3%) Chinese, 14(8.4%) Indians and 1(0.6%) of other ethnicity. Fitzpatrick skin phototypes were 30(18.1%) type III, 109(65.7%) type IV and 27(16.3%) type V. Exposed body surface area was 13.96±8.33% in males and 14.55±9.58% in females. The duration of sun exposure per week in males was 11.52±6.11hours and 10.71±5.75 hours in females. Mean SEI was 160 ±144. The SEI in females was 158 ±151, 164 ±130 in males, p value =0.81. There were no significant differences in SEI between gender and skin phototypes.Conclusion: SEI was very low in our study population due to limited body surface area exposed and duration of sun exposure. SEI was higher in darker skin and males, however these were not statistically significant.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)24-26
Number of pages3
JournalMalaysian Journal of Medicine and Health Sciences
Volume14
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2018
Externally publishedYes

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Health Facilities
Solar System
Skin
Body Surface Area
Skin Neoplasms
Volunteers
Cross-Sectional Studies
Guidelines
Population

Keywords

  • Asian
  • Photoprotection
  • Skin Phototype
  • Sun Avoidance
  • Sun Exposure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Sun exposure among healthy adults in a health facility. / Chin, Wong Lok; Jamil, Adawiyah; Md Nor, Norazirah.

In: Malaysian Journal of Medicine and Health Sciences, Vol. 14, No. 3, 01.10.2018, p. 24-26.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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