Study on the physical and chemical composition of agro wastes for the production of 5-hydroxymethylfurfural

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10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Treated sludge, goat manure, sugarcane bagasse, empty fruit bunches of oil palm (EFBP) and dry leaves are agro wastes that have high potential for use as feedstocks for the production of 5-hydroxymethylfurfural (5-HMF). The focus of this study is to investigate the production of 5-HMF from agro wastes via co-hydrothermal (CHT) treatment and extraction. Present study include examine on agro waste's physical and chemical properties and also their thermal degradation behaviour. The analysis of the bio-oil products is conducted by FTIR and GC–MS. Co-hydrothermal experiments were conducted at a temperature of 300 °C with an experimental time of 15 min, followed by alcohol extraction. Highest carbon and hydrogen content are 45.94% and 6.49% (dry leaves) with maximum high heating value 18.39 MJ/kg (dry leaves) and fix carbon value 6.60 (goat manure). Through CHT about 39% 5-HMF, 22.97% carboxylic acids, 0.97% of aromatic and 0.73% aldehyde obtained.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)821-828
Number of pages8
JournalBioresource Technology
Volume247
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2018

Fingerprint

Manures
chemical composition
goat
manure
Carbon
Chemical analysis
Bagasse
Palm oil
oil
carbon
carboxylic acid
aldehyde
Carboxylic Acids
Fruits
Aldehydes
Carboxylic acids
Feedstocks
Chemical properties
alcohol
chemical property

Keywords

  • 5-Hydroxymethylfurfural
  • Agro wastes
  • Carboxylic acid
  • Co-hydrothermal treatment
  • Extraction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering
  • Environmental Engineering
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Waste Management and Disposal

Cite this

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abstract = "Treated sludge, goat manure, sugarcane bagasse, empty fruit bunches of oil palm (EFBP) and dry leaves are agro wastes that have high potential for use as feedstocks for the production of 5-hydroxymethylfurfural (5-HMF). The focus of this study is to investigate the production of 5-HMF from agro wastes via co-hydrothermal (CHT) treatment and extraction. Present study include examine on agro waste's physical and chemical properties and also their thermal degradation behaviour. The analysis of the bio-oil products is conducted by FTIR and GC–MS. Co-hydrothermal experiments were conducted at a temperature of 300 °C with an experimental time of 15 min, followed by alcohol extraction. Highest carbon and hydrogen content are 45.94{\%} and 6.49{\%} (dry leaves) with maximum high heating value 18.39 MJ/kg (dry leaves) and fix carbon value 6.60 (goat manure). Through CHT about 39{\%} 5-HMF, 22.97{\%} carboxylic acids, 0.97{\%} of aromatic and 0.73{\%} aldehyde obtained.",
keywords = "5-Hydroxymethylfurfural, Agro wastes, Carboxylic acid, Co-hydrothermal treatment, Extraction",
author = "Shamsul, {N. S.} and Kamarudin, {Siti Kartom} and {Abd Rahman}, Norliza",
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AU - Kamarudin, Siti Kartom

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AB - Treated sludge, goat manure, sugarcane bagasse, empty fruit bunches of oil palm (EFBP) and dry leaves are agro wastes that have high potential for use as feedstocks for the production of 5-hydroxymethylfurfural (5-HMF). The focus of this study is to investigate the production of 5-HMF from agro wastes via co-hydrothermal (CHT) treatment and extraction. Present study include examine on agro waste's physical and chemical properties and also their thermal degradation behaviour. The analysis of the bio-oil products is conducted by FTIR and GC–MS. Co-hydrothermal experiments were conducted at a temperature of 300 °C with an experimental time of 15 min, followed by alcohol extraction. Highest carbon and hydrogen content are 45.94% and 6.49% (dry leaves) with maximum high heating value 18.39 MJ/kg (dry leaves) and fix carbon value 6.60 (goat manure). Through CHT about 39% 5-HMF, 22.97% carboxylic acids, 0.97% of aromatic and 0.73% aldehyde obtained.

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