Study of Heavy Metals in Hair and Nails of among Farmers in Kelantan, Malaysia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Heavy metals such as Arsenic (As), Cadmium (Cd) and Plumbum (Pb) in fertilizers and pesticides could cause health problems to human. The sources of exposure to these heavy metals can be ingestion, food and the use of pesticides and fertilizers in agricultural. A study was conducted in Kelantan among farmers. The purpose of this study was to determine levels of heavy metals according to gender, age group, blood pressure, smoking habits and period of time exposure to pesticide (years). There were 113 farmers participated in this study. The samples of hair and nails were collected from farmers. The levels of heavy metals such as As, Cd and Pb were determined using Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometry (ICP-MS). The results, showed that there was mean differences of Pb levels between age groups in hair samples (p<0.05). Furthermore, using the pearson correlation, the results indicated that there was significant relationship between working experience and the level of Pb (r = -0.020, p<0.05). However, there was no significant difference of Cd, Pb, As between gender, level of blood pressure (high, normal and low), smoking habit and residences in nails and hair sample. In conclusion, the levels of heavy metals was higher in nails compare to hair samples. The heavy metals was higher among male, older age group, hypertension and non-smoker.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)225-229
Number of pages5
JournalResearch Journal of Applied Sciences
Volume8
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Fingerprint

Malaysia
Nails
hair
heavy metals
Heavy Metals
Heavy metals
pesticides
Arsenic
Pesticides
Cadmium
arsenic
cadmium
fertilizers
blood pressure
habits
Blood pressure
Fertilizers
hypertension
Inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry
ingestion

Keywords

  • Farmers
  • Hair
  • Heavy metals
  • Nails
  • Pesticide

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General
  • Engineering(all)

Cite this

Study of Heavy Metals in Hair and Nails of among Farmers in Kelantan, Malaysia. / Mohd Saat, Nur Zakiah; Mohandas, B.; Ghazali, Ahmad Rohi.

In: Research Journal of Applied Sciences, Vol. 8, No. 3, 2013, p. 225-229.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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