Study of heavy metal levels among farmers of Muda agricultural development authority, Malaysia

Ahmad Rohi Ghazali, Nur Ezzazulianie Abdul Razak, Mohd. Sham Othman, Hidayatul Fathi Othman, Ismarulyusda Ishak, Syarif Husin Lubis, Nihayah Mohammad, Zariyantey Abd Hamid, Zaliha Harun, Firdaus Kamarulzaman, Rozaini Abdullah

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4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Heavy metals, particularly cadmium, lead, and arsenic, constitute a significant potential threat to human health. This study was conducted to determine the levels of cadmium, lead, and arsenic in nail samples from farmers at Muda Agricultural Development Authority (MADA), Kedah, Malaysia, and evaluate factors that can contribute to their accumulations. A total of 116 farmers participated in this study. Inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) was used to analyze concentration of heavy metals in the nail samples and questionnaires were given to participants to get demographic, health status, and their agricultural activities data. In this paper, the level of heavy metals was within the normal range and varies according to demographic factors. We found that there were significant correlations between working period with level of lead and arsenic (r = 0. 315 and r = 0. 242, resp., P 0. 01) and age with lead level (r = 0. 175, P 0. 05). Our findings suggested that agricultural activities could contribute to the accumulation of heavy metals in farmers. Hence, the control of environmental levels of and human exposure to these metals to prevent adverse health effects is still an important public health issue.

Original languageEnglish
Article number758349
JournalJournal of Environmental and Public Health
Volume2012
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012

Fingerprint

Malaysia
Heavy Metals
Agriculture
Arsenic
Nails
Cadmium
Demography
Health
Health Status
Mass Spectrometry
Reference Values
Public Health
Metals
Farmers
Lead

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

Cite this

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title = "Study of heavy metal levels among farmers of Muda agricultural development authority, Malaysia",
abstract = "Heavy metals, particularly cadmium, lead, and arsenic, constitute a significant potential threat to human health. This study was conducted to determine the levels of cadmium, lead, and arsenic in nail samples from farmers at Muda Agricultural Development Authority (MADA), Kedah, Malaysia, and evaluate factors that can contribute to their accumulations. A total of 116 farmers participated in this study. Inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) was used to analyze concentration of heavy metals in the nail samples and questionnaires were given to participants to get demographic, health status, and their agricultural activities data. In this paper, the level of heavy metals was within the normal range and varies according to demographic factors. We found that there were significant correlations between working period with level of lead and arsenic (r = 0. 315 and r = 0. 242, resp., P 0. 01) and age with lead level (r = 0. 175, P 0. 05). Our findings suggested that agricultural activities could contribute to the accumulation of heavy metals in farmers. Hence, the control of environmental levels of and human exposure to these metals to prevent adverse health effects is still an important public health issue.",
author = "Ghazali, {Ahmad Rohi} and {Abdul Razak}, {Nur Ezzazulianie} and Othman, {Mohd. Sham} and Othman, {Hidayatul Fathi} and Ismarulyusda Ishak and Lubis, {Syarif Husin} and Nihayah Mohammad and {Abd Hamid}, Zariyantey and Zaliha Harun and Firdaus Kamarulzaman and Rozaini Abdullah",
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doi = "10.1155/2012/758349",
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AU - Ghazali, Ahmad Rohi

AU - Abdul Razak, Nur Ezzazulianie

AU - Othman, Mohd. Sham

AU - Othman, Hidayatul Fathi

AU - Ishak, Ismarulyusda

AU - Lubis, Syarif Husin

AU - Mohammad, Nihayah

AU - Abd Hamid, Zariyantey

AU - Harun, Zaliha

AU - Kamarulzaman, Firdaus

AU - Abdullah, Rozaini

PY - 2012

Y1 - 2012

N2 - Heavy metals, particularly cadmium, lead, and arsenic, constitute a significant potential threat to human health. This study was conducted to determine the levels of cadmium, lead, and arsenic in nail samples from farmers at Muda Agricultural Development Authority (MADA), Kedah, Malaysia, and evaluate factors that can contribute to their accumulations. A total of 116 farmers participated in this study. Inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) was used to analyze concentration of heavy metals in the nail samples and questionnaires were given to participants to get demographic, health status, and their agricultural activities data. In this paper, the level of heavy metals was within the normal range and varies according to demographic factors. We found that there were significant correlations between working period with level of lead and arsenic (r = 0. 315 and r = 0. 242, resp., P 0. 01) and age with lead level (r = 0. 175, P 0. 05). Our findings suggested that agricultural activities could contribute to the accumulation of heavy metals in farmers. Hence, the control of environmental levels of and human exposure to these metals to prevent adverse health effects is still an important public health issue.

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