Studies on the phytotoxic effects of some organotin(IV) compounds on the germination of the mung bean seed, Phaseolus aureus

S. Balabaskaran, Tilakavati Karupaiah, V. G Kumar Das

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A selected range of organotin(IV) compounds of formula RxSnX4‐x (x = 2 or 3; R = alkyl, cycloalkyl or aryl), as well as the adducts, (p‐ZC6H4)3SnCl. Ph3PO (Z = H, Me) were examined in vivo for their phytotoxic effects relative to the more powerful s‐triazine herbicides against the mung bean seed, Phaseolus aureus. Phytotoxicity was assessed in terms of changes in (a) weights of primary leaves, (b) weights of cotyledons, (c) seedling heights and (d) root morphology. The triorganotin compounds were more phytotoxic than the diorganotins, and within the R3Sn structural class, inhibitory potency was greater for alkyltins than for aryltins. Decreasing the alkyl chain lengths or placing electrondonating substituents on the aromatic rings increased the phytotoxicity. A significant phytotoxic effect, comparable with that of Ph3SnCl, was manifested by tricyclohexyltin chloride, in marked contrast to the well‐known low phytotoxicity of tricyclohexyltin hydroxide. Using Ph3SnCl as the model compound, it was further demonstrated that the total chlorophyll content decreased with increasing concentration of Ph3SnCl, but the ration of chlorophyll a to chlorophyll b was constant. It was also found that tin uptake in the seedlings was directly proportional to Ph3SnCl test concentrations; the magnesium and iron levels in the treated seedlings, however, were unchanged relative to the control.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)347-353
Number of pages7
JournalApplied Organometallic Chemistry
Volume1
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1987
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Tin
Herbicides
Chlorophyll
Chain length
Magnesium
Seed
Chlorides
Iron
cyhexatin
chlorophyll b
chlorophyll a

Keywords

  • Chlorophyll
  • Growth retardation
  • In vivo phytotoxicity
  • Mung bean
  • Organotins
  • Structure–activity relationships

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Inorganic Chemistry

Cite this

Studies on the phytotoxic effects of some organotin(IV) compounds on the germination of the mung bean seed, Phaseolus aureus. / Balabaskaran, S.; Karupaiah, Tilakavati; Das, V. G Kumar.

In: Applied Organometallic Chemistry, Vol. 1, No. 4, 1987, p. 347-353.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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