Structure of the atmospheric surface layer over an industrialized equatorial area

Yusri Bin Yusup, Wan Ramli Wan Daud, Azami Zaharim, Meor Zainal Meor Talib

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper is written to report observations of the structure of the atmospheric surface layer over a coastal industrialized equatorial area. The observations were recorded at Prai Industrial Park, Penang (5° 22′ N, 100° 23′ E) a relatively simple terrain area during the south-west monsoon season in the period of three months using slow response systems. The limitations of the instruments used and its effects on the results are discussed. Wind turbulence and temperature were measured on a 10 m tower and analyzed using eddy correlation method and Monin-Obukhov similarity relations to obtain the normalized standard deviation of longitudinal (σu/u*), lateral (σv/u*) and vertical wind velocity fluctuations (σw/u*) with respect to stability parameter z/L. From the results of the analysis, we found that most of turbulence is generated by shear or mechanical force. It was found that the average neutral value of σu/u* is 2.35, 1.98 for σv/u* and 1.47 for σw/u* with a significantly lower than the proportionality to the power of 1/3 during unstable atmospheric conditions, and thus do not obey Monin-Obukhov similarity theory. It was observed that σu/u* and σv/u* values increase linearly in the range of 0 < z/L < 2 and fairly well correlated while σw/u* does not.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)70-77
Number of pages8
JournalAtmospheric Research
Volume90
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2008

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surface layer
turbulence
eddy
monsoon
wind velocity
temperature
analysis
effect
method
parameter

Keywords

  • Atmospheric surface layer
  • Equatorial area
  • Monin-Obukhov similarity theory
  • Turbulence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atmospheric Science

Cite this

Structure of the atmospheric surface layer over an industrialized equatorial area. / Yusup, Yusri Bin; Wan Daud, Wan Ramli; Zaharim, Azami; Meor Talib, Meor Zainal.

In: Atmospheric Research, Vol. 90, No. 1, 10.2008, p. 70-77.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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