Structure and magnetic properties of Y 3-xEr xFe 5O 12 (x=0.2,1.0, and 2.0) Thin Films Prepared by Sol-Gel Method

Noor Baa`Yah Ibrahim, Ramadan Shaiboub, Mustaffa Abdullah, Ftema Abdulhade

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Nanoparticles Y 3-xEr xFe 5O 12 (x=0.2, 1.0, and 2.0) thin films were prepared by sol-gel method and treated at 800, 900, and 1000()C, respectively, for 2h. The films have single phase garnet structure and the sizes of particles are in the range of 44 to 83nm. The magnetic measurements show that the saturation magnetization decreased with increasing of Er concentration for all samples treated at different annealing temperatures. The saturation magnetization increased with the particle size due to the enhancement of the surface spin effect. The coercivity initially decreased for x=1.0 and then increased for x=2.0 with increasing annealing temperature.

Original languageEnglish
Article number365378
JournalJournal of Nanotechnology
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011

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Saturation magnetization
Sol-gel process
Magnetic properties
Annealing
Thin films
Garnets
Magnetic variables measurement
Coercive force
Particle size
Nanoparticles
Temperature

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)

Cite this

Structure and magnetic properties of Y 3-xEr xFe 5O 12 (x=0.2,1.0, and 2.0) Thin Films Prepared by Sol-Gel Method. / Ibrahim, Noor Baa`Yah; Shaiboub, Ramadan; Abdullah, Mustaffa; Abdulhade, Ftema.

In: Journal of Nanotechnology, 2011.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Abdullah, Mustaffa

AU - Abdulhade, Ftema

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