Structural, optical and electrical properties of fluorine doped tin oxide thin films deposited using inkjet printing technique

Wan Zurina Samad, Muhamad Mat Salleh, Ashkan Shafiee, Mohd. Ambar Yarmo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

28 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper reports on structural, optical transmittance and electrical properties of fluorine-doped tin oxide (FTO) thin films deposited using an Inkjet printer. The FTO ink was synthesized from a mixture of tin chloride pentahydrate (SnCl4.5H2O) and ammonium fluoride (NH 4F) solutions. The thin films were deposited on glass substrates at ambient temperature or heated at 40deg;C and 60°C. The surface electronic state and the elemental composition of the thin films were analyzed using XPS spectroscopy. The spectra of the FTO thin films revealed that tin, oxygen, fluoride and carbon were present in the samples. The signals corresponding to Sn 3d5/2, O1s, and F1s were found at 486.6 eV, 530.5 eV and 684.5 eV, respectively. XRD analysis showed that the FTO films were in the form of crystalline with cassiterite shape. The optical and electrical properties of the films were affected by the deposition temperatures. It was observed the film deposited at 40°C has the optimum optical transmittance and sheet resistivity which were 91%T and 16Ω/□ respectively.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)251-257
Number of pages7
JournalSains Malaysiana
Volume40
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2011

Fingerprint

printing
tin oxides
fluorine
electrical properties
optical properties
thin films
oxygen fluorides
tin
transmittance
printers
inks
ambient temperature
fluorides
oxide films
chlorides
electrical resistivity
glass
carbon
electronics
spectroscopy

Keywords

  • Fluorine-doped tin oxide
  • Inkjet printing
  • Transparent conducting oxide

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

Cite this

Structural, optical and electrical properties of fluorine doped tin oxide thin films deposited using inkjet printing technique. / Samad, Wan Zurina; Mat Salleh, Muhamad; Shafiee, Ashkan; Yarmo, Mohd. Ambar.

In: Sains Malaysiana, Vol. 40, No. 3, 03.2011, p. 251-257.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{71cb274727174b35a9e41b334989d62f,
title = "Structural, optical and electrical properties of fluorine doped tin oxide thin films deposited using inkjet printing technique",
abstract = "This paper reports on structural, optical transmittance and electrical properties of fluorine-doped tin oxide (FTO) thin films deposited using an Inkjet printer. The FTO ink was synthesized from a mixture of tin chloride pentahydrate (SnCl4.5H2O) and ammonium fluoride (NH 4F) solutions. The thin films were deposited on glass substrates at ambient temperature or heated at 40deg;C and 60°C. The surface electronic state and the elemental composition of the thin films were analyzed using XPS spectroscopy. The spectra of the FTO thin films revealed that tin, oxygen, fluoride and carbon were present in the samples. The signals corresponding to Sn 3d5/2, O1s, and F1s were found at 486.6 eV, 530.5 eV and 684.5 eV, respectively. XRD analysis showed that the FTO films were in the form of crystalline with cassiterite shape. The optical and electrical properties of the films were affected by the deposition temperatures. It was observed the film deposited at 40°C has the optimum optical transmittance and sheet resistivity which were 91{\%}T and 16Ω/□ respectively.",
keywords = "Fluorine-doped tin oxide, Inkjet printing, Transparent conducting oxide",
author = "Samad, {Wan Zurina} and {Mat Salleh}, Muhamad and Ashkan Shafiee and Yarmo, {Mohd. Ambar}",
year = "2011",
month = "3",
language = "English",
volume = "40",
pages = "251--257",
journal = "Sains Malaysiana",
issn = "0126-6039",
publisher = "Penerbit Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Structural, optical and electrical properties of fluorine doped tin oxide thin films deposited using inkjet printing technique

AU - Samad, Wan Zurina

AU - Mat Salleh, Muhamad

AU - Shafiee, Ashkan

AU - Yarmo, Mohd. Ambar

PY - 2011/3

Y1 - 2011/3

N2 - This paper reports on structural, optical transmittance and electrical properties of fluorine-doped tin oxide (FTO) thin films deposited using an Inkjet printer. The FTO ink was synthesized from a mixture of tin chloride pentahydrate (SnCl4.5H2O) and ammonium fluoride (NH 4F) solutions. The thin films were deposited on glass substrates at ambient temperature or heated at 40deg;C and 60°C. The surface electronic state and the elemental composition of the thin films were analyzed using XPS spectroscopy. The spectra of the FTO thin films revealed that tin, oxygen, fluoride and carbon were present in the samples. The signals corresponding to Sn 3d5/2, O1s, and F1s were found at 486.6 eV, 530.5 eV and 684.5 eV, respectively. XRD analysis showed that the FTO films were in the form of crystalline with cassiterite shape. The optical and electrical properties of the films were affected by the deposition temperatures. It was observed the film deposited at 40°C has the optimum optical transmittance and sheet resistivity which were 91%T and 16Ω/□ respectively.

AB - This paper reports on structural, optical transmittance and electrical properties of fluorine-doped tin oxide (FTO) thin films deposited using an Inkjet printer. The FTO ink was synthesized from a mixture of tin chloride pentahydrate (SnCl4.5H2O) and ammonium fluoride (NH 4F) solutions. The thin films were deposited on glass substrates at ambient temperature or heated at 40deg;C and 60°C. The surface electronic state and the elemental composition of the thin films were analyzed using XPS spectroscopy. The spectra of the FTO thin films revealed that tin, oxygen, fluoride and carbon were present in the samples. The signals corresponding to Sn 3d5/2, O1s, and F1s were found at 486.6 eV, 530.5 eV and 684.5 eV, respectively. XRD analysis showed that the FTO films were in the form of crystalline with cassiterite shape. The optical and electrical properties of the films were affected by the deposition temperatures. It was observed the film deposited at 40°C has the optimum optical transmittance and sheet resistivity which were 91%T and 16Ω/□ respectively.

KW - Fluorine-doped tin oxide

KW - Inkjet printing

KW - Transparent conducting oxide

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=79952904496&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=79952904496&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

VL - 40

SP - 251

EP - 257

JO - Sains Malaysiana

JF - Sains Malaysiana

SN - 0126-6039

IS - 3

ER -