Structural characterisation of cellulose and nanocellulose extracted from mengkuang leaves

Rasha M. El Sheltami, Ibrahim Abdullah, Ishak Ahmad

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Nanocellulose was isolated from mengkuang leaves (Pandanus tectorius) by using concentrated sulphuric acid. The structural analysis of the leaves at different stages of treatments was performed by fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and X-ray diffraction (XRD). Transmission electron microscope (TEM) was used to investigate the dimensions of the isolated nanocellulose. The FTIR and XRD results indicated that the hemicelluloses and lignin were removed extensively in the extracted cellulose and nanocellulose, and the crystallinity were increased after removing these components. The TEM image showed that the diameter of isolated nanocellulose between 5-25 nm. The isolated nanocellulose may have applications in the fields of nanocomposites.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAdvanced Materials Research
Pages119-123
Number of pages5
Volume545
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012
Event2nd International Conference on the Advancement of Materials and Nanotechnology, ICAMN II 2010 - Kuala Lumpur
Duration: 29 Nov 20101 Dec 2010

Publication series

NameAdvanced Materials Research
Volume545
ISSN (Print)10226680

Other

Other2nd International Conference on the Advancement of Materials and Nanotechnology, ICAMN II 2010
CityKuala Lumpur
Period29/11/101/12/10

Fingerprint

Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy
Cellulose
Electron microscopes
X ray diffraction
Lignin
Structural analysis
Nanocomposites
Acids

Keywords

  • Cellulose
  • Mengkuang leaves
  • Whiskers

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)

Cite this

El Sheltami, R. M., Abdullah, I., & Ahmad, I. (2012). Structural characterisation of cellulose and nanocellulose extracted from mengkuang leaves. In Advanced Materials Research (Vol. 545, pp. 119-123). (Advanced Materials Research; Vol. 545). https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMR.545.119

Structural characterisation of cellulose and nanocellulose extracted from mengkuang leaves. / El Sheltami, Rasha M.; Abdullah, Ibrahim; Ahmad, Ishak.

Advanced Materials Research. Vol. 545 2012. p. 119-123 (Advanced Materials Research; Vol. 545).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

El Sheltami, RM, Abdullah, I & Ahmad, I 2012, Structural characterisation of cellulose and nanocellulose extracted from mengkuang leaves. in Advanced Materials Research. vol. 545, Advanced Materials Research, vol. 545, pp. 119-123, 2nd International Conference on the Advancement of Materials and Nanotechnology, ICAMN II 2010, Kuala Lumpur, 29/11/10. https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMR.545.119
El Sheltami RM, Abdullah I, Ahmad I. Structural characterisation of cellulose and nanocellulose extracted from mengkuang leaves. In Advanced Materials Research. Vol. 545. 2012. p. 119-123. (Advanced Materials Research). https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMR.545.119
El Sheltami, Rasha M. ; Abdullah, Ibrahim ; Ahmad, Ishak. / Structural characterisation of cellulose and nanocellulose extracted from mengkuang leaves. Advanced Materials Research. Vol. 545 2012. pp. 119-123 (Advanced Materials Research).
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