Stature estimation from lower limb anthropometry using linear regression analysis

A study on the Malaysian population

Siti Noorain Abu Bakar, Aspalilah Alias, Abdel Nasser Ibrahim, Nurliza Abdullah, Hairulliza Mohamad Judi, Shafee @ Aung Thu Ya Mohd Swarhib, Srijit Das, Faridah Mohd. Nor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Introduction. Stature is one of the characteristics that could be used to identify human, besides age, sex and racial affiliation. This is useful when the body found is either dismembered, mutilated or even decomposed, and helps in narrowing down the missing person's identity. Aim. The main aim of the present study was to construct regression functions for stature estimation by using lower limb bones in the Malaysian population. Materials and Methods. The sample comprised 87 adult individuals (81 males, 6 females) aged between 20 to 79 years. The parameters such as thigh length, lower leg length, leg length, foot length, foot height and foot breadth were measured. They were measured by a ruler and measuring tape. Statistical analysis involved independent t-test to analyse the difference between lower limbs in male and female. The Pearson's correlation test was used to analyse correlations between lower limb parameters and stature, and the linear regressions were used to form equations. The paired t-test was used to compare between actual stature and estimated stature by using the equations formed. Result. Using independent t-test, there was a significant difference (p < 0.05) in the measurement between males and females with regard to leg length, thigh length, lower leg length, foot length and foot breadth. The thigh length, leg length and foot length were observed to have strong correlations with stature with p= 0.75, p= 0.81 and p= 0.69, respectively. Linear regressions were formulated for stature estimation. Paired t-test showed no significant difference between actual stature and estimated stature. Conclusion. It is concluded that regression functions can be used to estimate stature to identify skeletal remains in the Malaysia population.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)84-87
Number of pages4
JournalClinica Terapeutica
Volume168
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

Fingerprint

Anthropometry
Foot
Lower Extremity
Linear Models
Regression Analysis
Leg
Thigh
Population
Malaysia
Bone and Bones

Keywords

  • Anthropology
  • Forensic
  • Lower leg length
  • Malaysian
  • Stature
  • Thigh

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Stature estimation from lower limb anthropometry using linear regression analysis : A study on the Malaysian population. / Bakar, Siti Noorain Abu; Alias, Aspalilah; Ibrahim, Abdel Nasser; Abdullah, Nurliza; Mohamad Judi, Hairulliza; Mohd Swarhib, Shafee @ Aung Thu Ya; Das, Srijit; Mohd. Nor, Faridah.

In: Clinica Terapeutica, Vol. 168, No. 2, 2017, p. 84-87.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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