Stature estimation by using upper limb measurements in the Malaysian population

Siti Noorain Abu Bakar, Aspalilah Alias, Nurliza Abdullah, Hairulliza Mohamad Judi, Mohamed Swarhib Shafie, Srijit Das, Abdelnasser Ibrahim, Faridah Mohd. Nor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Introduction: Forensic anthropology plays an important role in investigation of deaths that involves skeletal remains. In cases, where the bodies are severely decomposed, mutilated or dismembered, identification of victims by means of physical appearance are almost impossible. Thus, the scientific basis of the investigators' knowledge will be useful to categorize unknown human remains into certain age, sex, race and stature groups to help in the identification of possible victims. Aim: The aim of this study was to develop a formula to estimate stature by using upper limb measurements in the Malaysian population. Materials and methods: Five parameters, which comprised hand length, hand breadth, forearm maximum length, arm maximum length and upper limb maximum length were measured from 81 male deceased persons received at the National Institute of Forensic Medicine, Hospital Kuala Lumpur. Measurements were made on body surface based on anatomical landmarks by measuring tape, ruler and calipers. Results: Maximum upper limb length showed the strongest correlation with stature (R = 0.8) followed by arm length (R = 0.75) by Pearson's correlation. Linear regressions were developed by using the parameters for stature estimation. Upper limb length exhibited the lowest standard error of estimates (SEE = 4.33). The estimated and true stature showed good approximation of values by paired t-test. Conclusion: In brief, linear regressions produced were useful for estimation of stature in the Malaysian population.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)391-394
Number of pages4
JournalInternational Medical Journal
Volume25
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2018

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Upper Extremity
Population
Linear Models
Arm
Hand
Forensic Anthropology
Forensic Medicine
Forearm
Research Personnel
Body Remains

Keywords

  • Anthropology
  • Forensic
  • Malaysian
  • Stature
  • Upper limb

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Stature estimation by using upper limb measurements in the Malaysian population. / Bakar, Siti Noorain Abu; Alias, Aspalilah; Abdullah, Nurliza; Mohamad Judi, Hairulliza; Shafie, Mohamed Swarhib; Das, Srijit; Ibrahim, Abdelnasser; Mohd. Nor, Faridah.

In: International Medical Journal, Vol. 25, No. 6, 01.12.2018, p. 391-394.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Bakar, Siti Noorain Abu ; Alias, Aspalilah ; Abdullah, Nurliza ; Mohamad Judi, Hairulliza ; Shafie, Mohamed Swarhib ; Das, Srijit ; Ibrahim, Abdelnasser ; Mohd. Nor, Faridah. / Stature estimation by using upper limb measurements in the Malaysian population. In: International Medical Journal. 2018 ; Vol. 25, No. 6. pp. 391-394.
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