Statistics of spread F characteristics across different sectors and IRI 2016 prediction

A. O. Afolayan, Mandeep Singh Jit Singh, Mardina Abdullah, S. M. Buhari

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The occurrence of the plasma irregularity and the related scintillation have been extensively investigated as a result of the impact on radio signal propagation. This study focused on the equatorial spread F (ESF) occurrence using ionogram data and IRI prediction taken across different longitude sectors, including the Jicamarca, Fortaleza, Ilorin, Chumphon and Kwajalein ionosonde stations. We have briefly discussed the varying range type spread F (RSF) occurrence features across these stations such as the duration, onset time and seasonal asymmetry. The largest seasonal average of the RSF occurrence percentage was recorded at the Ilorin station during the low solar activity, while the occurrence rate at the Chumphon and Kwajalein stations increases significantly with the solar flux intensity. Furthermore, we presented a comparative analysis of the observed RSF occurrence rate and the IRI model prediction. The result exhibited a significant error percentage across these longitudes. The IRI could not reproduce significant features such as the delayed RSF onset at the Kwajalein station during June solstice or the equinox asymmetry in the RSF occurrence across these longitudes. Surprisingly, the IRI model also performed poorly at the Brazilian longitude. These observations highlight the strong dynamic nature of the RSF features across the different regions. Hence, an extensive dataset of the RSF occurrence distribution selected with cognizance for the longitudinal pattern of the major factors controlling the phenomenon is considered necessary for the further improvement of the empirical model.

Original languageEnglish
JournalAdvances in Space Research
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2019

Fingerprint

spread F
sectors
Statistics
statistics
occurrences
prediction
predictions
stations
Scintillation
asymmetry
longitude
Fluxes
Plasmas
solar activity
radio transmission
ionograms
solstices
solar flux
ionosondes
station

Keywords

  • IRI model
  • R-T instability
  • RSF
  • Spread F probability

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Geophysics
  • Atmospheric Science
  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)

Cite this

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title = "Statistics of spread F characteristics across different sectors and IRI 2016 prediction",
abstract = "The occurrence of the plasma irregularity and the related scintillation have been extensively investigated as a result of the impact on radio signal propagation. This study focused on the equatorial spread F (ESF) occurrence using ionogram data and IRI prediction taken across different longitude sectors, including the Jicamarca, Fortaleza, Ilorin, Chumphon and Kwajalein ionosonde stations. We have briefly discussed the varying range type spread F (RSF) occurrence features across these stations such as the duration, onset time and seasonal asymmetry. The largest seasonal average of the RSF occurrence percentage was recorded at the Ilorin station during the low solar activity, while the occurrence rate at the Chumphon and Kwajalein stations increases significantly with the solar flux intensity. Furthermore, we presented a comparative analysis of the observed RSF occurrence rate and the IRI model prediction. The result exhibited a significant error percentage across these longitudes. The IRI could not reproduce significant features such as the delayed RSF onset at the Kwajalein station during June solstice or the equinox asymmetry in the RSF occurrence across these longitudes. Surprisingly, the IRI model also performed poorly at the Brazilian longitude. These observations highlight the strong dynamic nature of the RSF features across the different regions. Hence, an extensive dataset of the RSF occurrence distribution selected with cognizance for the longitudinal pattern of the major factors controlling the phenomenon is considered necessary for the further improvement of the empirical model.",
keywords = "IRI model, R-T instability, RSF, Spread F probability",
author = "Afolayan, {A. O.} and {Jit Singh}, {Mandeep Singh} and Mardina Abdullah and Buhari, {S. M.}",
year = "2019",
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T1 - Statistics of spread F characteristics across different sectors and IRI 2016 prediction

AU - Afolayan, A. O.

AU - Jit Singh, Mandeep Singh

AU - Abdullah, Mardina

AU - Buhari, S. M.

PY - 2019/1/1

Y1 - 2019/1/1

N2 - The occurrence of the plasma irregularity and the related scintillation have been extensively investigated as a result of the impact on radio signal propagation. This study focused on the equatorial spread F (ESF) occurrence using ionogram data and IRI prediction taken across different longitude sectors, including the Jicamarca, Fortaleza, Ilorin, Chumphon and Kwajalein ionosonde stations. We have briefly discussed the varying range type spread F (RSF) occurrence features across these stations such as the duration, onset time and seasonal asymmetry. The largest seasonal average of the RSF occurrence percentage was recorded at the Ilorin station during the low solar activity, while the occurrence rate at the Chumphon and Kwajalein stations increases significantly with the solar flux intensity. Furthermore, we presented a comparative analysis of the observed RSF occurrence rate and the IRI model prediction. The result exhibited a significant error percentage across these longitudes. The IRI could not reproduce significant features such as the delayed RSF onset at the Kwajalein station during June solstice or the equinox asymmetry in the RSF occurrence across these longitudes. Surprisingly, the IRI model also performed poorly at the Brazilian longitude. These observations highlight the strong dynamic nature of the RSF features across the different regions. Hence, an extensive dataset of the RSF occurrence distribution selected with cognizance for the longitudinal pattern of the major factors controlling the phenomenon is considered necessary for the further improvement of the empirical model.

AB - The occurrence of the plasma irregularity and the related scintillation have been extensively investigated as a result of the impact on radio signal propagation. This study focused on the equatorial spread F (ESF) occurrence using ionogram data and IRI prediction taken across different longitude sectors, including the Jicamarca, Fortaleza, Ilorin, Chumphon and Kwajalein ionosonde stations. We have briefly discussed the varying range type spread F (RSF) occurrence features across these stations such as the duration, onset time and seasonal asymmetry. The largest seasonal average of the RSF occurrence percentage was recorded at the Ilorin station during the low solar activity, while the occurrence rate at the Chumphon and Kwajalein stations increases significantly with the solar flux intensity. Furthermore, we presented a comparative analysis of the observed RSF occurrence rate and the IRI model prediction. The result exhibited a significant error percentage across these longitudes. The IRI could not reproduce significant features such as the delayed RSF onset at the Kwajalein station during June solstice or the equinox asymmetry in the RSF occurrence across these longitudes. Surprisingly, the IRI model also performed poorly at the Brazilian longitude. These observations highlight the strong dynamic nature of the RSF features across the different regions. Hence, an extensive dataset of the RSF occurrence distribution selected with cognizance for the longitudinal pattern of the major factors controlling the phenomenon is considered necessary for the further improvement of the empirical model.

KW - IRI model

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