State-of-the-Art and Energy Management System of Lithium-Ion Batteries in Electric Vehicle Applications

Issues and Recommendations

Hannan M A, M. M. Hoque, Aini Hussain, Yushaizad Yusof, P. J. Ker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

33 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A varieties of rechargeable batteries are now available in world markets for powering electric vehicles (EVs). The lithium-ion (Li-ion) battery is considered the best among all battery types and cells because of its superior characteristics and performance. The positive environmental impacts and recycling potential of lithium batteries have influenced the development of new research for improving Li-ion battery technologies. However, cost reduction, safe operation and mitigation of negative ecological impacts are now a common concern for advancement. This paper provides a comprehensive study on the state-of-the-art of Li-ion batteries including the fundamentals, structures and overall performance evaluations of different types of lithium batteries. A study on a battery management system for Li-ion battery storage in EV applications is demonstrated, which includes a cell condition monitoring, charge and discharge control, states estimation, protection and equalization, temperature control and heat management, battery fault diagnosis and assessment aimed at enhancing the overall performance of the system. It is observed that Li-ion batteries are becoming very popular in vehicle applications due to price reductions and lightweight with high power density. However, the management of the charging and discharging processes, CO2 and greenhouse gases (GHGs) emissions, health effects, and recycling and refurbishing processes have still not been resolved satisfactorily. Consequently, this review focuses on the many factors, challenges and problems and provides recommendations for sustainable battery manufacturing for future EVs. This review will hopefully lead to increasing efforts towards the development of an advanced lithium ion battery in terms of economics, longevity, specific power, energy density, safety and performance in vehicle applications.

Original languageEnglish
JournalIEEE Access
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 20 Mar 2018

Fingerprint

Energy management systems
Electric vehicles
Lithium batteries
Recycling
Secondary batteries
Condition monitoring
State estimation
Cost reduction
Gas emissions
Greenhouse gases
Temperature control
Failure analysis
Environmental impact
Lithium-ion batteries
Health
Economics

Keywords

  • Anodes
  • Cathodes
  • electric vehicle
  • Electrolytes
  • energy management system
  • Ions
  • Lithium
  • Lithium-ion batteries
  • Lithium-ion battery
  • state-of-the-art of lithium-ion battery

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Engineering(all)

Cite this

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title = "State-of-the-Art and Energy Management System of Lithium-Ion Batteries in Electric Vehicle Applications: Issues and Recommendations",
abstract = "A varieties of rechargeable batteries are now available in world markets for powering electric vehicles (EVs). The lithium-ion (Li-ion) battery is considered the best among all battery types and cells because of its superior characteristics and performance. The positive environmental impacts and recycling potential of lithium batteries have influenced the development of new research for improving Li-ion battery technologies. However, cost reduction, safe operation and mitigation of negative ecological impacts are now a common concern for advancement. This paper provides a comprehensive study on the state-of-the-art of Li-ion batteries including the fundamentals, structures and overall performance evaluations of different types of lithium batteries. A study on a battery management system for Li-ion battery storage in EV applications is demonstrated, which includes a cell condition monitoring, charge and discharge control, states estimation, protection and equalization, temperature control and heat management, battery fault diagnosis and assessment aimed at enhancing the overall performance of the system. It is observed that Li-ion batteries are becoming very popular in vehicle applications due to price reductions and lightweight with high power density. However, the management of the charging and discharging processes, CO2 and greenhouse gases (GHGs) emissions, health effects, and recycling and refurbishing processes have still not been resolved satisfactorily. Consequently, this review focuses on the many factors, challenges and problems and provides recommendations for sustainable battery manufacturing for future EVs. This review will hopefully lead to increasing efforts towards the development of an advanced lithium ion battery in terms of economics, longevity, specific power, energy density, safety and performance in vehicle applications.",
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AU - Yusof, Yushaizad

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