Square as urban space in iraq: The effectiveness of design attributes on social interaction

Omar Hussein Ali, Nor Haslina Ja`Afar, Mohd Khairul Azhar Mat Sulaiman, Omar Abdulwahhab Khalaf

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Square is an element of urban space, an expression of public open spaces. It has been identified as the heart of cities, giving them an identity of place and a uniqueness of character. This paper seeks to determine the important environmental design attributes that influence user social activity in the square as urban space. The study adopts a quantitative approach, employing a survey questionnaire as the primary research instrument and supported by observation. This pilot survey uses a sample size of 32 users at the square as urban space respondents. Multiple regression analysis is performed to determine the effective design aspects of social activity, and the visual analysis is applied for observation. The study reveals that there are some elements, which have a critical influence on user activities in urban space in Iraq. Those elements are landscape features, provision of shelter and shade protection, the use and need facilities made available by public business, maintenance, and discovery. This study generates an understanding of user behaviour attitudes towards the square as public urban space in the Iraqi context. Thus, the designer should consider those square design elements that generate the activity in an Iraqi square.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)305-310
Number of pages6
JournalInternational Journal of Recent Technology and Engineering
Volume7
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2019

Fingerprint

Regression analysis
Industry
Iraq
Social interaction
Environmental design
User behavior
Multiple regression analysis
Visual analysis
Questionnaire survey
Open space
Uniqueness
Sample size

Keywords

  • Environmental Attributes
  • Multiple regression
  • Social Activity
  • Square
  • Urban Space

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)
  • Management of Technology and Innovation

Cite this

Square as urban space in iraq : The effectiveness of design attributes on social interaction. / Ali, Omar Hussein; Ja`Afar, Nor Haslina; Mat Sulaiman, Mohd Khairul Azhar; Khalaf, Omar Abdulwahhab.

In: International Journal of Recent Technology and Engineering, Vol. 7, No. 6, 01.04.2019, p. 305-310.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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