Spitting success and accuracy in archer fishes toxotes chatareus (Hamilton, 1822) and toxotes jaculatrix (Pallas, 1767)

Simon Kumar Das, Yosni Bakar, S. E. Temple, Mazlan Abd. Ghaffar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Spitting success and accuracy of two congeneric archer fishes Toxotes chatareus and Toxotes jaculatrix were studied to determine whether spitting success and accuracy rate varied with height and/or group size. Overall, individuals of both species exhibited greater spitting success rate when alone than in a group. Greatest spitting success was observed in T. jaculatrix (29.87%) when alone followed by T. chatareus (27.55%), while lowest spitting success (14.88%) was observed for the average of all individuals in a group of two T. chatareus and two T. jaculatrix. Based on spitting accuracy categories right side high (RH), right side low (RL) and left side high (LH) showed no significant differences among the test groups.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1627-1633
Number of pages7
JournalScientific Research and Essays
Volume6
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 4 Apr 2011

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fishes
Fish
Fishes
group size
Toxotidae
Toxotes
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Keywords

  • Archer fish
  • Mangrove vegetation
  • Prey catching
  • Toxotidae

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Medicine(all)
  • Engineering(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Spitting success and accuracy in archer fishes toxotes chatareus (Hamilton, 1822) and toxotes jaculatrix (Pallas, 1767). / Das, Simon Kumar; Bakar, Yosni; Temple, S. E.; Abd. Ghaffar, Mazlan.

In: Scientific Research and Essays, Vol. 6, No. 7, 04.04.2011, p. 1627-1633.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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