Species diversity and abundance of butterfly (lepidoptera: Rhopalocera) at different altitudes along the raub corridor to fraser’s hill, Pahang, Malaysia

Suhairiza Suhaimi, Aisyah Zakaria, Azman Sulaiman, Mohd Zabidi Mohd Yaakob, Mohamad Afiq Aizat Juhary, Norela Sulaiman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

This study was conducted to record the butterfly fauna along the Raub Corridor to Fraser’s Hill, Pahang. A series of field samplings was conducted for three consecutive days in October and December 2014, and again from January till March 2015, at three different altitudes, i.e. at 400 to 500 m (lower altitude), 750 to 850 m (middle altitude), and 1000 to 1250 m (higher altitude) within the study area. The butterflies were randomly collected in the day time between 0900-1700 hours by aerial sweeping using the butterfly net. A total of 716 individuals from 138 species in five families (Papilionidae, Nymphalidae, Pieridae, Lycaenidae and Hesperidae) and 14 subfamilies (Papilioninae, Nymphalinae, Satyrinae, Danainae, Morphinae, Coliadinae, Pierinae,Riodininae, Miletinae, Poritiinae, Lycaeninae, Pyrginae, Hesperiinae and Coeliadinae) were recorded. At the higher altitude, the Shannon Diversity Index was H’= 3.683, evenness index, E’=0.5936 and Margalef’s Richness Index, R’= 13.0. At the middle altitude, the Shannon Diversity Index was H’= 3.226, evenness index, E’=0.442 and Margalef’s Richness Index, R’= 9.756. At the lower altitude, the Shannon Diversity Index was H’= 3.917, evenness index, E’=0.6128 and Margalef’s Richness Index, R’= 14.72, respectively. The highest species diversity, species evenness and also species richness indices were recorded at the lowest altitude i.e. 400 to 500 m above sea level.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)123-145
Number of pages23
JournalSerangga
Volume22
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2017

Fingerprint

butterfly
butterflies
Malaysia
species diversity
Lepidoptera
diversity index
Danainae
species evenness
Papilionidae
Pieridae
Lycaenidae
corridor
Nymphalidae
index
sea level
species richness
fauna
sampling

Keywords

  • Butterflies
  • Elevation
  • Fraser’s Hill
  • Species diversity and abundance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Insect Science
  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

Cite this

Species diversity and abundance of butterfly (lepidoptera : Rhopalocera) at different altitudes along the raub corridor to fraser’s hill, Pahang, Malaysia. / Suhaimi, Suhairiza; Zakaria, Aisyah; Sulaiman, Azman; Yaakob, Mohd Zabidi Mohd; Juhary, Mohamad Afiq Aizat; Sulaiman, Norela.

In: Serangga, Vol. 22, No. 1, 01.01.2017, p. 123-145.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Suhaimi, Suhairiza ; Zakaria, Aisyah ; Sulaiman, Azman ; Yaakob, Mohd Zabidi Mohd ; Juhary, Mohamad Afiq Aizat ; Sulaiman, Norela. / Species diversity and abundance of butterfly (lepidoptera : Rhopalocera) at different altitudes along the raub corridor to fraser’s hill, Pahang, Malaysia. In: Serangga. 2017 ; Vol. 22, No. 1. pp. 123-145.
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abstract = "This study was conducted to record the butterfly fauna along the Raub Corridor to Fraser’s Hill, Pahang. A series of field samplings was conducted for three consecutive days in October and December 2014, and again from January till March 2015, at three different altitudes, i.e. at 400 to 500 m (lower altitude), 750 to 850 m (middle altitude), and 1000 to 1250 m (higher altitude) within the study area. The butterflies were randomly collected in the day time between 0900-1700 hours by aerial sweeping using the butterfly net. A total of 716 individuals from 138 species in five families (Papilionidae, Nymphalidae, Pieridae, Lycaenidae and Hesperidae) and 14 subfamilies (Papilioninae, Nymphalinae, Satyrinae, Danainae, Morphinae, Coliadinae, Pierinae,Riodininae, Miletinae, Poritiinae, Lycaeninae, Pyrginae, Hesperiinae and Coeliadinae) were recorded. At the higher altitude, the Shannon Diversity Index was H’= 3.683, evenness index, E’=0.5936 and Margalef’s Richness Index, R’= 13.0. At the middle altitude, the Shannon Diversity Index was H’= 3.226, evenness index, E’=0.442 and Margalef’s Richness Index, R’= 9.756. At the lower altitude, the Shannon Diversity Index was H’= 3.917, evenness index, E’=0.6128 and Margalef’s Richness Index, R’= 14.72, respectively. The highest species diversity, species evenness and also species richness indices were recorded at the lowest altitude i.e. 400 to 500 m above sea level.",
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