Spatial distribution and sources of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in green mussels (Perna viridis) from coastal areas of Peninsular Malaysia: Implications for source identification of perylene

Azadeh Shahbazi, Mohamad Pauzi Zakaria, Chee Kong Yap, Salmijah Surif, Alireza Riyahi Bakhtiari, Kuhan Chandru, Pourya Shahpoury Bahry, Mahyar Sakari

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    17 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Distribution of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) was determined in green mussels (Perna viridis) from various sites in coastal waters of Peninsular Malaysia between August 2004 and January 2007, in order to assess contamination by petroleum hydrocarbons. The range of ΣPAHs detected in mussels was from 766 to 110500 (ng/g lipid wt.). High concentrations of PAHs were found in mussel tissues collected near Penang Bridge. The ratios of methyl phenanthrenes to phenanthrene (ΣMP/P ratio) for Penang, Kg. Pasir Puteh and Tebing Runtuh (Johore Straits) were greater than 2, indicating extensive input of petrogenic PAHs. The results indicated that male individuals elevated more considerable concentrations of PAHs in their soft tissues in comparison to female individuals. The results of independent sample T-test showed that there were no significant differences (p > 0.05) between male and female mussels analysed in the Pasir Panjang station. Negative significant correlations (r = -0.890, p < 0.01) and (r = -0.0655, p < 0.05), were found between weight and total of PAHs in female and male species, respectively. This indicated that body weight of each individual was not affected by the PAHs concentrations. The present study proposes the use of soft tissue of Perna viridis as a biomonitor of perylene bioavailability and contamination in coastal waters of Peninsular Malaysia.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)14-30
    Number of pages17
    JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Analytical Chemistry
    Volume90
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2010

    Fingerprint

    Perna
    Perylene
    Perna viridis
    Bivalvia
    Malaysia
    Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons
    polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons
    Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons
    Spatial distribution
    mussels
    PAH
    spatial distribution
    phenanthrene
    Tissue
    coastal water
    Phenanthrenes
    Contamination
    Water
    Environmental Monitoring
    Petroleum

    Keywords

    • Distribution
    • Mussel watch
    • PAHs
    • Peninsular Malaysia
    • Perna viridis
    • Soft tissue

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Water Science and Technology
    • Waste Management and Disposal
    • Pollution
    • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
    • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
    • Environmental Chemistry
    • Analytical Chemistry
    • Soil Science

    Cite this

    Spatial distribution and sources of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in green mussels (Perna viridis) from coastal areas of Peninsular Malaysia : Implications for source identification of perylene. / Shahbazi, Azadeh; Zakaria, Mohamad Pauzi; Yap, Chee Kong; Surif, Salmijah; Bakhtiari, Alireza Riyahi; Chandru, Kuhan; Bahry, Pourya Shahpoury; Sakari, Mahyar.

    In: International Journal of Environmental Analytical Chemistry, Vol. 90, No. 1, 2010, p. 14-30.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Shahbazi, Azadeh ; Zakaria, Mohamad Pauzi ; Yap, Chee Kong ; Surif, Salmijah ; Bakhtiari, Alireza Riyahi ; Chandru, Kuhan ; Bahry, Pourya Shahpoury ; Sakari, Mahyar. / Spatial distribution and sources of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in green mussels (Perna viridis) from coastal areas of Peninsular Malaysia : Implications for source identification of perylene. In: International Journal of Environmental Analytical Chemistry. 2010 ; Vol. 90, No. 1. pp. 14-30.
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    AU - Bakhtiari, Alireza Riyahi

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