Solvothermal synthesis of molybdenum oxide on liquid-phase exfoliated graphene composite electrodes for aqueous supercapacitor application

M. Y. Ho, P. S. Khiew, D. Isa, W. S. Chiu, Chin Hua Chia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

MoO3–graphene nanocomposites have been prepared through a green and facile synthesis method and serve as the main electrode materials for electrochemical capacitor in mild aqueous electrolyte. First, graphene sheets were synthesized via mild sonication treatment of graphite flakes in an optimum ratio of ethanol and de-ionized water, followed by deposition of MoO3 onto graphene sheets via low-temperature solvothermal treatment using ethylene glycol- de-ionized water as mixed solvent. The composites were characterised using X-ray diffraction, Raman spectroscopy and electron diffraction and the results revealed that α-MoO3 particles were successfully synthesized and anchored homogeneously onto graphene sheets. The electrochemical capacitance properties of MoO3–graphene nanocomposites were measured by cyclic voltammetry, galvanostatic charge discharge method and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy. The results showed that the specific capacitance of MoO3–graphene nanocomposites is 148 F/g, which is much higher than that of pure MoO3 electrodes (84 F/g) in neutral Na2SO3 electrolyte. The specific capacitance is superior to those reported in the literatures using neutral aqueous electrolytes. Moreover, over 81% of the original capacitance was retained after 1600 cycles, indicating a good cycle stability of composite materials. The high specific capacitance and excellent cyclic stability of the electrode is believed originated from the synergistic effect of the highly conductive graphene material and the pseudocapacitive behavior of the MoO3 nanoparticles in neutral electrolyte.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-12
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Materials Science: Materials in Electronics
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 9 Feb 2017

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Molybdenum oxide
molybdenum oxides
Graphite
electrochemical capacitors
Graphene
graphene
liquid phases
Capacitance
capacitance
Electrolytes
Electrodes
composite materials
electrodes
electrolytes
Composite materials
Liquids
synthesis
Nanocomposites
nanocomposites
cycles

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Cite this

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title = "Solvothermal synthesis of molybdenum oxide on liquid-phase exfoliated graphene composite electrodes for aqueous supercapacitor application",
abstract = "MoO3–graphene nanocomposites have been prepared through a green and facile synthesis method and serve as the main electrode materials for electrochemical capacitor in mild aqueous electrolyte. First, graphene sheets were synthesized via mild sonication treatment of graphite flakes in an optimum ratio of ethanol and de-ionized water, followed by deposition of MoO3 onto graphene sheets via low-temperature solvothermal treatment using ethylene glycol- de-ionized water as mixed solvent. The composites were characterised using X-ray diffraction, Raman spectroscopy and electron diffraction and the results revealed that α-MoO3 particles were successfully synthesized and anchored homogeneously onto graphene sheets. The electrochemical capacitance properties of MoO3–graphene nanocomposites were measured by cyclic voltammetry, galvanostatic charge discharge method and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy. The results showed that the specific capacitance of MoO3–graphene nanocomposites is 148 F/g, which is much higher than that of pure MoO3 electrodes (84 F/g) in neutral Na2SO3 electrolyte. The specific capacitance is superior to those reported in the literatures using neutral aqueous electrolytes. Moreover, over 81{\%} of the original capacitance was retained after 1600 cycles, indicating a good cycle stability of composite materials. The high specific capacitance and excellent cyclic stability of the electrode is believed originated from the synergistic effect of the highly conductive graphene material and the pseudocapacitive behavior of the MoO3 nanoparticles in neutral electrolyte.",
author = "Ho, {M. Y.} and Khiew, {P. S.} and D. Isa and Chiu, {W. S.} and Chia, {Chin Hua}",
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T1 - Solvothermal synthesis of molybdenum oxide on liquid-phase exfoliated graphene composite electrodes for aqueous supercapacitor application

AU - Ho, M. Y.

AU - Khiew, P. S.

AU - Isa, D.

AU - Chiu, W. S.

AU - Chia, Chin Hua

PY - 2017/2/9

Y1 - 2017/2/9

N2 - MoO3–graphene nanocomposites have been prepared through a green and facile synthesis method and serve as the main electrode materials for electrochemical capacitor in mild aqueous electrolyte. First, graphene sheets were synthesized via mild sonication treatment of graphite flakes in an optimum ratio of ethanol and de-ionized water, followed by deposition of MoO3 onto graphene sheets via low-temperature solvothermal treatment using ethylene glycol- de-ionized water as mixed solvent. The composites were characterised using X-ray diffraction, Raman spectroscopy and electron diffraction and the results revealed that α-MoO3 particles were successfully synthesized and anchored homogeneously onto graphene sheets. The electrochemical capacitance properties of MoO3–graphene nanocomposites were measured by cyclic voltammetry, galvanostatic charge discharge method and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy. The results showed that the specific capacitance of MoO3–graphene nanocomposites is 148 F/g, which is much higher than that of pure MoO3 electrodes (84 F/g) in neutral Na2SO3 electrolyte. The specific capacitance is superior to those reported in the literatures using neutral aqueous electrolytes. Moreover, over 81% of the original capacitance was retained after 1600 cycles, indicating a good cycle stability of composite materials. The high specific capacitance and excellent cyclic stability of the electrode is believed originated from the synergistic effect of the highly conductive graphene material and the pseudocapacitive behavior of the MoO3 nanoparticles in neutral electrolyte.

AB - MoO3–graphene nanocomposites have been prepared through a green and facile synthesis method and serve as the main electrode materials for electrochemical capacitor in mild aqueous electrolyte. First, graphene sheets were synthesized via mild sonication treatment of graphite flakes in an optimum ratio of ethanol and de-ionized water, followed by deposition of MoO3 onto graphene sheets via low-temperature solvothermal treatment using ethylene glycol- de-ionized water as mixed solvent. The composites were characterised using X-ray diffraction, Raman spectroscopy and electron diffraction and the results revealed that α-MoO3 particles were successfully synthesized and anchored homogeneously onto graphene sheets. The electrochemical capacitance properties of MoO3–graphene nanocomposites were measured by cyclic voltammetry, galvanostatic charge discharge method and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy. The results showed that the specific capacitance of MoO3–graphene nanocomposites is 148 F/g, which is much higher than that of pure MoO3 electrodes (84 F/g) in neutral Na2SO3 electrolyte. The specific capacitance is superior to those reported in the literatures using neutral aqueous electrolytes. Moreover, over 81% of the original capacitance was retained after 1600 cycles, indicating a good cycle stability of composite materials. The high specific capacitance and excellent cyclic stability of the electrode is believed originated from the synergistic effect of the highly conductive graphene material and the pseudocapacitive behavior of the MoO3 nanoparticles in neutral electrolyte.

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