Solar photovoltaic electricity: Current status and future prospects

T. M. Razykov, C. S. Ferekides, D. Morel, E. Stefanakos, H. S. Ullal, H. M. Upadhyaya

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    578 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    We review the technical progress made in the past several years in the area of mono- and polycrystalline thin-film photovoltaic (PV) technologies based on Si, III-V, II-VI, and I-III-VI2 semiconductors, as well as nano-PV. PV electricity is one of the best options for sustainable future energy requirements of the world. At present, the PV market is growing rapidly at an annual rate of 35-40%, with PV production around 10.66GW in 2009. Si and GaAs monocrystalline solar cell efficiencies are very close to the theoretically predicted maximum values. Mono- and polycrystalline wafer Si solar cells remain the predominant PV technology with module production cost around $1.50 per peak watt. Thin-film PV was developed as a means of substantially reducing the cost of solar cells. Remarkable progress has been achieved in this field in recent years. CdTe and Cu(In,Ga)Se2 thin-film solar cells demonstrated record efficiencies of 16.5% and almost 20%, respectively. These values are the highest achieved for thin-film solar cells. Production cost of CdTe thin-film modules is presently around $0.76 per peak watt.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1580-1608
    Number of pages29
    JournalSolar Energy
    Volume85
    Issue number8
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Aug 2011

    Fingerprint

    Solar cells
    Electricity
    Thin films
    Costs
    Semiconductor materials
    Thin film solar cells
    gallium arsenide

    Keywords

    • Nanophotovoltaics
    • Photovoltaic market
    • Photovotaics
    • Solar
    • Thin film
    • Wafer

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
    • Materials Science(all)

    Cite this

    Razykov, T. M., Ferekides, C. S., Morel, D., Stefanakos, E., Ullal, H. S., & Upadhyaya, H. M. (2011). Solar photovoltaic electricity: Current status and future prospects. Solar Energy, 85(8), 1580-1608. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.solener.2010.12.002

    Solar photovoltaic electricity : Current status and future prospects. / Razykov, T. M.; Ferekides, C. S.; Morel, D.; Stefanakos, E.; Ullal, H. S.; Upadhyaya, H. M.

    In: Solar Energy, Vol. 85, No. 8, 08.2011, p. 1580-1608.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Razykov, TM, Ferekides, CS, Morel, D, Stefanakos, E, Ullal, HS & Upadhyaya, HM 2011, 'Solar photovoltaic electricity: Current status and future prospects', Solar Energy, vol. 85, no. 8, pp. 1580-1608. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.solener.2010.12.002
    Razykov TM, Ferekides CS, Morel D, Stefanakos E, Ullal HS, Upadhyaya HM. Solar photovoltaic electricity: Current status and future prospects. Solar Energy. 2011 Aug;85(8):1580-1608. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.solener.2010.12.002
    Razykov, T. M. ; Ferekides, C. S. ; Morel, D. ; Stefanakos, E. ; Ullal, H. S. ; Upadhyaya, H. M. / Solar photovoltaic electricity : Current status and future prospects. In: Solar Energy. 2011 ; Vol. 85, No. 8. pp. 1580-1608.
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