Social phobia and its association with body shape and internet addiction among private university students in Selangor, Malaysia

Nurul Fateha Ashikin Norhizan, Hasanain Faisal Ghazi, Haitham Assem Abdalrazak, Mohammed A. Abdalqader, Mohammed Faez Baobaid, Tiba Nezar Hasan, Mohd Rohaizat Hassan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Social phobia is a strong fear of being judged by others and of being embarrassed in social situations. This study aimed to examine the prevalence of social phobia and its correlates among university students in a Malaysian university. A cross-sectional study design was condu cted among 674 university students recruited using convenience sampling. Besides providing socio-demographics information, the participants completed a set of self-administered questionnaires including the Social Phobia Inventory (SPIN), the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES), the Body Shape Questionnaires (BSQ) and the Internet Addiction Test (IAT). Majority of respondents were female (77.0%) and from non-medical faculties (59.2%). The prevalence rates for moderate and severe social phobia among the students were 43.9% 19.1% respectively. The associations between gender, self-esteem, body shape concern and internet addiction with social phobia were significant (p=0.01, <0.001, <0.001, <0.001 respectively). As a conclusion, the prevalence of social phobia among private university students are influenced mainly by self-esteem, body shape concern and internet addiction. Provision of mental health education and counseling to students who are most affected by social phobia merit further consideration.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)106-110
Number of pages5
JournalInternational Journal of Medical Toxicology and Legal Medicine
Volume22
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2019

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Malaysia
Internet
Students
Self Concept
Education
Social Phobia
Health
Health Education
Sampling
Fear
Counseling
Mental Health
Cross-Sectional Studies
Demography
Equipment and Supplies
Surveys and Questionnaires

Keywords

  • Anxiety
  • Associated factors
  • Body dysmorphia
  • Internet addiction
  • Panic
  • Social Phobia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Toxicology

Cite this

Social phobia and its association with body shape and internet addiction among private university students in Selangor, Malaysia. / Norhizan, Nurul Fateha Ashikin; Ghazi, Hasanain Faisal; Abdalrazak, Haitham Assem; Abdalqader, Mohammed A.; Baobaid, Mohammed Faez; Hasan, Tiba Nezar; Hassan, Mohd Rohaizat.

In: International Journal of Medical Toxicology and Legal Medicine, Vol. 22, No. 1-2, 01.01.2019, p. 106-110.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Norhizan, Nurul Fateha Ashikin ; Ghazi, Hasanain Faisal ; Abdalrazak, Haitham Assem ; Abdalqader, Mohammed A. ; Baobaid, Mohammed Faez ; Hasan, Tiba Nezar ; Hassan, Mohd Rohaizat. / Social phobia and its association with body shape and internet addiction among private university students in Selangor, Malaysia. In: International Journal of Medical Toxicology and Legal Medicine. 2019 ; Vol. 22, No. 1-2. pp. 106-110.
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