Social and psychological factors affecting eating habits among university students in a Malaysian medical school: A cross-sectional study

Kurubaran Ganasegeran, Sami A R Al-Dubai, Ahmad M. Qureshi, Al Abed A A Al-Abed, Mohd Rizal Abdul Manaf, Syed Mohamed Al-Junid Syed Junid

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

51 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Eating habits have been a major concern among university students as a determinant of health status. The aim of this study was to assess the pattern of eating habits and its associated social and psychological factors among medical students. Methods: A cross sectional study was conducted among 132 medical students of pre-clinical phase at a Malaysian university. A self-administered questionnaire was used which included questions on socio-demography, anthropometry, eating habits and psychosocial factors. Results: Mean (±SD) age of the respondents was 22.7 (±2.4) years and (the age) ranged from 18 to 30 years. More than half had regular meals and breakfast (57.6% &, 56.1% respectively). Majority (73.5%) consumed fruits less than three times per week, 51.5% had fried food twice or more a week and 59.8% drank water less than 2 liters daily. Eating habits score was significantly low among younger students (1822 years), smokers, alcohol drinkers and those who did not exercise. (p<0.05). Four psychological factors out of six, were significantly associated with eating habits (p<0.05). In multivariate analysis, age and eating because of feeling happy were significantly associated with eating habits score (p<0.05). Conclusion: Most of the students in this study had healthy eating habits. Social and psychological factors were important determinants of eating habits among medical students.

Original languageEnglish
Article number48
JournalNutrition Journal
Volume11
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012

Fingerprint

Feeding Behavior
Medical Schools
Cross-Sectional Studies
Students
Psychology
Medical Students
Anthropometry
Breakfast
Health Status
Meals
Fruit
Emotions
Multivariate Analysis
Eating
Alcohols
Demography
Exercise
Food
Water

Keywords

  • Eating habits
  • Lifestyle
  • Malaysia medical students
  • Social and psychological

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

Cite this

Social and psychological factors affecting eating habits among university students in a Malaysian medical school : A cross-sectional study. / Ganasegeran, Kurubaran; Al-Dubai, Sami A R; Qureshi, Ahmad M.; Al-Abed, Al Abed A A; Abdul Manaf, Mohd Rizal; Syed Junid, Syed Mohamed Al-Junid.

In: Nutrition Journal, Vol. 11, No. 1, 48, 2012.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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