Slope stability of landfill with waste degradation

Salhana Ismail, Aizat Mohd Taib, Norinah Abd Rahman, Dayang Zulaika Abang Hasbollah, Ahmad Bukhari Ramli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Nowadays, a large amount of municipal solid waste (MSW) is generated due to the rapid urbanisation in developing countries leads to the demand for larger and higher capacity landfills. Bioreactor landfill technology has been introduced to accelerate the stability of landfill and to solve the issue of limited landfill area. However, the accelerated degradation of the refuse in bioreactor landfills also considerably changes the geotechnical characteristics of the waste in the landfill and thereby increases the concern for waste stability. Hence, this study aims to analyse the stability of both conventional and bioreactor landfill slope with the effects of waste degradation. Finite element method has been used in the slope stability analysis and the stability is presented by the factor of safety. The objectives of this study are i) to determine and assess the main parameter which influences the stability of the waste slope, ii) to determine the effects of waste degradation to the waste properties and iii) to obtain the factor of safety of the landfill slope using numerical analysis by finite element method. From the literature review, it is found that slope stability of a landfill mainly depends on the geotechnical properties of waste, such as moisture content, unit weight, shear strength parameters and hydraulic conductivity of waste. After the degradation process, engineering properties of field refuse are affected which includes the increased pore-water pressure and unit weight, decreased strength and lower hydraulic conductivity. Based on the analysis of conventional landfill slope stability by using Plaxis software, slope ratio of 1:3, 1:4 and 1:5 calculated safe with 1.69, 2.3 and 2.8 whereas the analysis of bioreactor landfill slope stability calculated safe only for slope ratio of 1:4 and 1:5 with 1.60 and 1.97. Moreover, the factor of safety for steeper slopes is lower and vice versa. From the parametric analysis, it is found that the full height of slope and unit weight of waste input affect the result analysis. This study is significant to evaluate the landfill slope stability with the effects of waste degradation and to ensure both conventional and bioreactor landfill slope stability for long periods.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)393-398
Number of pages6
JournalInternational Journal of Innovative Technology and Exploring Engineering
Volume9
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2019

Fingerprint

Slope stability
Land fill
Degradation
Bioreactors
Hydraulic conductivity
Finite element method
Municipal solid waste
Process engineering
Developing countries
Shear strength
Numerical analysis
Moisture

Keywords

  • Bioreactor
  • Factor of safety
  • Finite element analysis
  • Landfill
  • Waste degradation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science(all)
  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Cite this

Slope stability of landfill with waste degradation. / Ismail, Salhana; Taib, Aizat Mohd; Rahman, Norinah Abd; Hasbollah, Dayang Zulaika Abang; Ramli, Ahmad Bukhari.

In: International Journal of Innovative Technology and Exploring Engineering, Vol. 9, No. 1, 11.2019, p. 393-398.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Ismail, Salhana ; Taib, Aizat Mohd ; Rahman, Norinah Abd ; Hasbollah, Dayang Zulaika Abang ; Ramli, Ahmad Bukhari. / Slope stability of landfill with waste degradation. In: International Journal of Innovative Technology and Exploring Engineering. 2019 ; Vol. 9, No. 1. pp. 393-398.
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AB - Nowadays, a large amount of municipal solid waste (MSW) is generated due to the rapid urbanisation in developing countries leads to the demand for larger and higher capacity landfills. Bioreactor landfill technology has been introduced to accelerate the stability of landfill and to solve the issue of limited landfill area. However, the accelerated degradation of the refuse in bioreactor landfills also considerably changes the geotechnical characteristics of the waste in the landfill and thereby increases the concern for waste stability. Hence, this study aims to analyse the stability of both conventional and bioreactor landfill slope with the effects of waste degradation. Finite element method has been used in the slope stability analysis and the stability is presented by the factor of safety. The objectives of this study are i) to determine and assess the main parameter which influences the stability of the waste slope, ii) to determine the effects of waste degradation to the waste properties and iii) to obtain the factor of safety of the landfill slope using numerical analysis by finite element method. From the literature review, it is found that slope stability of a landfill mainly depends on the geotechnical properties of waste, such as moisture content, unit weight, shear strength parameters and hydraulic conductivity of waste. After the degradation process, engineering properties of field refuse are affected which includes the increased pore-water pressure and unit weight, decreased strength and lower hydraulic conductivity. Based on the analysis of conventional landfill slope stability by using Plaxis software, slope ratio of 1:3, 1:4 and 1:5 calculated safe with 1.69, 2.3 and 2.8 whereas the analysis of bioreactor landfill slope stability calculated safe only for slope ratio of 1:4 and 1:5 with 1.60 and 1.97. Moreover, the factor of safety for steeper slopes is lower and vice versa. From the parametric analysis, it is found that the full height of slope and unit weight of waste input affect the result analysis. This study is significant to evaluate the landfill slope stability with the effects of waste degradation and to ensure both conventional and bioreactor landfill slope stability for long periods.

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