Skin prick test reactivity to foods in adult Malaysians with rhinitis

Balwant Singh Gendeh, Shahnaz Murad, Azizah Mohd Razi, Nasaruddin Abdullah, Abdullah Sani Mohamed, Khalid Abdul Kadir

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The aim of the study was to determine the incidence of food and house dust mite (HDM) allergy in patients with nasal congestion and rhinorrhea attending the Otorhinolaryngology Clinic, National University of Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur. This was a prospective matched, controlled study of patients skin prick tested with commercial food and common aeroallergens. The participants were 148 Malaysian adults with symptoms of nasal congestion and rhinorrhea and 113 adult Malaysian control subjects without rhinitis symptoms. The skin prick test (SPT) was used to evaluate 11 foods common to the Malaysian diet and 3 HDM inhalants. Forty-eight percent of the patients with rhinitis had positive SPT results to foods, compared with 4.4% of control subjects (P < 0.05). The most commonly implicated foods were shrimp (48%) and rice (30%), which are common in the Malaysian diet. Seventy-two percent of rhinitis patients had positive SPT results to HDM, compared with 22.2% of control subjects (P < 0.05). Patients with rhinitis also had significantly more gastrointestinal problems than control subjects (P < 0.05). The incidences of HDM and food allergy are significantly greater in Malaysian adults with rhinitis symptoms than in control subjects without rhinitis. The effect of avoidance or immunotherapy awaits further study.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)758-762
Number of pages5
JournalOtolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery
Volume122
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2000

Fingerprint

Rhinitis
Skin Tests
Pyroglyphidae
Food
Nose
Diet
Food Hypersensitivity
Malaysia
Incidence
Otolaryngology
Immunotherapy
Hypersensitivity
Skin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology

Cite this

Skin prick test reactivity to foods in adult Malaysians with rhinitis. / Gendeh, Balwant Singh; Murad, Shahnaz; Razi, Azizah Mohd; Abdullah, Nasaruddin; Mohamed, Abdullah Sani; Kadir, Khalid Abdul.

In: Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, Vol. 122, No. 5, 2000, p. 758-762.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Gendeh, BS, Murad, S, Razi, AM, Abdullah, N, Mohamed, AS & Kadir, KA 2000, 'Skin prick test reactivity to foods in adult Malaysians with rhinitis', Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, vol. 122, no. 5, pp. 758-762.
Gendeh, Balwant Singh ; Murad, Shahnaz ; Razi, Azizah Mohd ; Abdullah, Nasaruddin ; Mohamed, Abdullah Sani ; Kadir, Khalid Abdul. / Skin prick test reactivity to foods in adult Malaysians with rhinitis. In: Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery. 2000 ; Vol. 122, No. 5. pp. 758-762.
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