Skin and subcutaneous infections in South-East Asia

Norazirah Md Nor, Mazlin M. Baseri

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose of review We reviewed current literature on four different skin and subcutaneous infections which are often touted as 'emerging diseases' of south-east Asia, namely melioidosis, penicilliosis, sporotrichosis and Mycobacterium marinum infection. Lack of consensus treatment guidelines, high treatment costs and limited investigative capability in certain endemic areas are among the challenges faced by managing physicians. With the increase in borderless travelling, it is hoped that this review will facilitate better understanding and heighten the clinical suspicion of such infections for clinicians in other parts of the world. Recent findings An increasing number of cases of melioidosis and penicilliosis have been reported within and outside its endemic areas, but epidemiological data on sporotrichosis and M. marinum infections are still sparse. The clinical features of these infections remain historically unchanged and more disseminated infections are seen particularly amongst immunocompromised patients. Although tissue culture is still the gold standard, PCR provides more rapid and accurate diagnosis. Advances in therapeutics have improved outcome in certain diseases. Summary The described spectrum of cutaneous infection in south-east Asia can be imported to other areas due to increases in worldwide travel. Clinicians from other parts of the world should be aware of the common presentations of these diseases.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)133-138
Number of pages6
JournalCurrent Opinion in Infectious Diseases
Volume28
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 7 Apr 2015

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Far East
Skin
Sporotrichosis
Melioidosis
Infection
Immunocompromised Host
Health Care Costs
Guidelines
Physicians
Polymerase Chain Reaction
Therapeutics

Keywords

  • Melioidosis
  • Mycobacterium marinum
  • Penicilliosis
  • South-East Asia
  • Sporotrichosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases

Cite this

Skin and subcutaneous infections in South-East Asia. / Md Nor, Norazirah; Baseri, Mazlin M.

In: Current Opinion in Infectious Diseases, Vol. 28, No. 2, 07.04.2015, p. 133-138.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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