Simulation of porosity and PTFE content in gas diffusion layer on proton exchange membrane fuel cell performance

Nur H. Maslan, Marvin M. Gau, Mohd Shahbudin Mastar @ Masdar, Masli Irwan Rosli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Numerous research and development activities have been conducted to optimize the operating parameters of a proton exchange membrane fuel cell (PEMFC) by experiments and simulations. This study explains the development of a 3D model by using ANSYS FLUENT 14.5 to determine the optimum PEMFC parameters, namely, porosity and polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) content, in the gas diffusion layer (GDL). A 3D model was developed to analyze the properties and effects of GDL. Simulation results showed that the increase in GDL porosity significantly improved the performance of PEMFC in generating electrical power. However, the performance of PEMFC decreased with increasing PTFE content in GDL. Thus, the PTFE content in the GDL must be optimized and the optimum PTFE content should be 5 wt%. The model developed in this simulation showed good capability in simulating the PEMFC parameters to assist the development process of PEMFC design.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)85-95
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Engineering Science and Technology
Volume11
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2016

Fingerprint

Diffusion in gases
Proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFC)
Polytetrafluoroethylenes
Porosity
Experiments

Keywords

  • Gas diffusion layer
  • Proton exchange membrane fuel cell

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)

Cite this

@article{76f47cbee7634affa9cc2baa7e83d8c1,
title = "Simulation of porosity and PTFE content in gas diffusion layer on proton exchange membrane fuel cell performance",
abstract = "Numerous research and development activities have been conducted to optimize the operating parameters of a proton exchange membrane fuel cell (PEMFC) by experiments and simulations. This study explains the development of a 3D model by using ANSYS FLUENT 14.5 to determine the optimum PEMFC parameters, namely, porosity and polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) content, in the gas diffusion layer (GDL). A 3D model was developed to analyze the properties and effects of GDL. Simulation results showed that the increase in GDL porosity significantly improved the performance of PEMFC in generating electrical power. However, the performance of PEMFC decreased with increasing PTFE content in GDL. Thus, the PTFE content in the GDL must be optimized and the optimum PTFE content should be 5 wt{\%}. The model developed in this simulation showed good capability in simulating the PEMFC parameters to assist the development process of PEMFC design.",
keywords = "Gas diffusion layer, Proton exchange membrane fuel cell",
author = "Maslan, {Nur H.} and Gau, {Marvin M.} and {Mastar @ Masdar}, {Mohd Shahbudin} and Rosli, {Masli Irwan}",
year = "2016",
month = "1",
day = "1",
language = "English",
volume = "11",
pages = "85--95",
journal = "Journal of Engineering Science and Technology",
issn = "1823-4690",
publisher = "Taylor's University College",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Simulation of porosity and PTFE content in gas diffusion layer on proton exchange membrane fuel cell performance

AU - Maslan, Nur H.

AU - Gau, Marvin M.

AU - Mastar @ Masdar, Mohd Shahbudin

AU - Rosli, Masli Irwan

PY - 2016/1/1

Y1 - 2016/1/1

N2 - Numerous research and development activities have been conducted to optimize the operating parameters of a proton exchange membrane fuel cell (PEMFC) by experiments and simulations. This study explains the development of a 3D model by using ANSYS FLUENT 14.5 to determine the optimum PEMFC parameters, namely, porosity and polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) content, in the gas diffusion layer (GDL). A 3D model was developed to analyze the properties and effects of GDL. Simulation results showed that the increase in GDL porosity significantly improved the performance of PEMFC in generating electrical power. However, the performance of PEMFC decreased with increasing PTFE content in GDL. Thus, the PTFE content in the GDL must be optimized and the optimum PTFE content should be 5 wt%. The model developed in this simulation showed good capability in simulating the PEMFC parameters to assist the development process of PEMFC design.

AB - Numerous research and development activities have been conducted to optimize the operating parameters of a proton exchange membrane fuel cell (PEMFC) by experiments and simulations. This study explains the development of a 3D model by using ANSYS FLUENT 14.5 to determine the optimum PEMFC parameters, namely, porosity and polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) content, in the gas diffusion layer (GDL). A 3D model was developed to analyze the properties and effects of GDL. Simulation results showed that the increase in GDL porosity significantly improved the performance of PEMFC in generating electrical power. However, the performance of PEMFC decreased with increasing PTFE content in GDL. Thus, the PTFE content in the GDL must be optimized and the optimum PTFE content should be 5 wt%. The model developed in this simulation showed good capability in simulating the PEMFC parameters to assist the development process of PEMFC design.

KW - Gas diffusion layer

KW - Proton exchange membrane fuel cell

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84954072547&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84954072547&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84954072547

VL - 11

SP - 85

EP - 95

JO - Journal of Engineering Science and Technology

JF - Journal of Engineering Science and Technology

SN - 1823-4690

IS - 1

ER -