Silver-doped pseudowollastonite synthesized from rice husk ash: Antimicrobial evaluation, bioactivity and cytotoxic effects on human mesenchymal stem cells

Farah Atiqah Abdul Azam, Roslinda Shamsudin, Min Hwei Ng, Asmat Ahmad, Muhammad Afiq Mohamed Akbar, Zahra Rashidbenam

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Research into biomaterials has grown rapidly in recent years due to the clinical need for organ and tissue replacement and regeneration. One of the most serious complications in orthopaedic implants is surgical site infection. Therefore, many attempts have been made to develop biocompatible materials with antibacterial properties. In this study, a newly-synthesized pseudowollastonite (PSW), synthesized from rice husk ash and a limestone precursor, was incorporated with different concentrations of silver (Ag) and sintered to enhance the antimicrobial activity and biocompatibility of pseudowollastonite-silver (PSW/Ag) biocomposites. The antibacterial test revealed that PSW, with the addition of silver up to 5 wt%, was able to inhibit the growth and reproduction of bacteria. The bioactivity test for the PSW/5 wt% Ag biocomposite also displayed the existence of an apatite peak in the X-ray diffraction pattern. The apatite microstructure was observed with FESEM-EDX after seven days of immersion in simulated body fluid (SBF) solutions. Cytotoxic effects of the composite were observed after 24 h of incubation in 10% leachate containing hMSC cells. After 72 h of incubation, the survival cells were proliferated considerably. The viability was shown with the positive increment after 72 h of incubation for PSW with the addition of 5 wt% Ag. Thus, although PSW/5 wt% Ag synthesized from the rice husk ash and limestone was shown to be bioactive and have good antimicrobial properties, the composite still needs to be optimized to control cytotoxic effects.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)11381-11389
Number of pages9
JournalCeramics International
Volume44
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2018

Fingerprint

Ashes
Bioactivity
Stem cells
Silver
Apatite
Limestone
Biomaterials
Body fluids
Composite materials
Orthopedics
Apatites
Calcium Carbonate
Biocompatibility
Diffraction patterns
Biocompatible Materials
Energy dispersive spectroscopy
Bacteria
Tissue
X ray diffraction
Microstructure

Keywords

  • Antimicrobial
  • Bioactivity
  • Cytotoxicity
  • Pseudowollastonite
  • Rice husk ash
  • Silver

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Process Chemistry and Technology
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

Silver-doped pseudowollastonite synthesized from rice husk ash : Antimicrobial evaluation, bioactivity and cytotoxic effects on human mesenchymal stem cells. / Azam, Farah Atiqah Abdul; Shamsudin, Roslinda; Ng, Min Hwei; Ahmad, Asmat; Akbar, Muhammad Afiq Mohamed; Rashidbenam, Zahra.

In: Ceramics International, Vol. 44, No. 10, 01.07.2018, p. 11381-11389.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "Research into biomaterials has grown rapidly in recent years due to the clinical need for organ and tissue replacement and regeneration. One of the most serious complications in orthopaedic implants is surgical site infection. Therefore, many attempts have been made to develop biocompatible materials with antibacterial properties. In this study, a newly-synthesized pseudowollastonite (PSW), synthesized from rice husk ash and a limestone precursor, was incorporated with different concentrations of silver (Ag) and sintered to enhance the antimicrobial activity and biocompatibility of pseudowollastonite-silver (PSW/Ag) biocomposites. The antibacterial test revealed that PSW, with the addition of silver up to 5 wt{\%}, was able to inhibit the growth and reproduction of bacteria. The bioactivity test for the PSW/5 wt{\%} Ag biocomposite also displayed the existence of an apatite peak in the X-ray diffraction pattern. The apatite microstructure was observed with FESEM-EDX after seven days of immersion in simulated body fluid (SBF) solutions. Cytotoxic effects of the composite were observed after 24 h of incubation in 10{\%} leachate containing hMSC cells. After 72 h of incubation, the survival cells were proliferated considerably. The viability was shown with the positive increment after 72 h of incubation for PSW with the addition of 5 wt{\%} Ag. Thus, although PSW/5 wt{\%} Ag synthesized from the rice husk ash and limestone was shown to be bioactive and have good antimicrobial properties, the composite still needs to be optimized to control cytotoxic effects.",
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