Separation of free fatty acids from high free fatty acid crude palm oil using short-path distillation

Abd Al Wali Japir, Jumat Salimon, Darfizzi Derawi, Murad Bahadi, Muhammad Rahimi Usop

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The separation of free fatty acids (FFAs) was done by using short-path distillation (SPD). The separation parameters was at their boiling points, a feed amount of 2.3 mL/min, an operating pressure of 10 Torr, a condenser temperature of 60°C, and a rotor speed of 300 rpm. The physicochemical characteristics of oil before and after SPD were determined. The results showed that FFA % of 8.7 ± 0.3 and 0.9 ± 0.1 %, iodine value of 53.1 ± 0.4 and 52.7 ± 0.5 g I2/100 g, hydroxyl value of 32.5 ± 0.6 and 13.9 ± 1.1 mg KOH/g, unsaponifiable value of 0.31 ± 0.01 and 0.20 ± 0.15%, moisture content of 0.31 ± 0.01 and 0.24 ± 0.01 % for high free fatty acid crude palm oil before and after distillation, respectively. Gas chromatography (GC) results showed that the major fatty acids in crude palm oil (CPO) were palmitic acid (44.4% - 45%) followed by oleic acid (39.6% - 39.8%). In general, high free fatty acid crude palm oil after molecular distillation (HFFA-CPOAM) showed admirably physicochemical properties.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2016 UKM FST Postgraduate Colloquium: Proceedings of the Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology 2016 Postgraduate Colloquium
PublisherAmerican Institute of Physics Inc.
Volume1784
ISBN (Electronic)9780735414464
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 17 Nov 2016
Event2016 Postgraduate Colloquium of the Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology, UKM FST 2016 - Selangor, Malaysia
Duration: 13 Apr 201614 Apr 2016

Other

Other2016 Postgraduate Colloquium of the Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology, UKM FST 2016
CountryMalaysia
CitySelangor
Period13/4/1614/4/16

Fingerprint

distillation
fatty acids
crude oil
rotor speed
palmitic acid
oleic acid
condensers
gas chromatography
boiling
moisture content
iodine
oils
temperature

Keywords

  • High free fatty acid crude palm oil
  • Short-path distillation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Japir, A. A. W., Salimon, J., Derawi, D., Bahadi, M., & Usop, M. R. (2016). Separation of free fatty acids from high free fatty acid crude palm oil using short-path distillation. In 2016 UKM FST Postgraduate Colloquium: Proceedings of the Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology 2016 Postgraduate Colloquium (Vol. 1784). [030001] American Institute of Physics Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4966739

Separation of free fatty acids from high free fatty acid crude palm oil using short-path distillation. / Japir, Abd Al Wali; Salimon, Jumat; Derawi, Darfizzi; Bahadi, Murad; Usop, Muhammad Rahimi.

2016 UKM FST Postgraduate Colloquium: Proceedings of the Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology 2016 Postgraduate Colloquium. Vol. 1784 American Institute of Physics Inc., 2016. 030001.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Japir, AAW, Salimon, J, Derawi, D, Bahadi, M & Usop, MR 2016, Separation of free fatty acids from high free fatty acid crude palm oil using short-path distillation. in 2016 UKM FST Postgraduate Colloquium: Proceedings of the Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology 2016 Postgraduate Colloquium. vol. 1784, 030001, American Institute of Physics Inc., 2016 Postgraduate Colloquium of the Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology, UKM FST 2016, Selangor, Malaysia, 13/4/16. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4966739
Japir AAW, Salimon J, Derawi D, Bahadi M, Usop MR. Separation of free fatty acids from high free fatty acid crude palm oil using short-path distillation. In 2016 UKM FST Postgraduate Colloquium: Proceedings of the Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology 2016 Postgraduate Colloquium. Vol. 1784. American Institute of Physics Inc. 2016. 030001 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4966739
Japir, Abd Al Wali ; Salimon, Jumat ; Derawi, Darfizzi ; Bahadi, Murad ; Usop, Muhammad Rahimi. / Separation of free fatty acids from high free fatty acid crude palm oil using short-path distillation. 2016 UKM FST Postgraduate Colloquium: Proceedings of the Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology 2016 Postgraduate Colloquium. Vol. 1784 American Institute of Physics Inc., 2016.
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