Seasonal variation of total electron content at equatorial station, Langkawi, Malaysia

Zahira M. Radzi, Mardina Abdullah, Alina Marie Hasbi, Mandeep Singh Jit Singh, Siti Aminah Bahari

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

GPS signals that propagate through the ionosphere at two L-band GPS frequencies L1 (1575.42 MHz) and L2 (1227.36 MHz) provides an important ionospheric parameter which is Total Electron Content (TEC). The total electron content (TEC) is defined as the total number of electrons integrated along the path from the receiver to the GPS satellite in a column with a cross-sectional area of one square meter. This paper presents the diurnal and seasonal variations of Vertical Total Electron Content (VTEC) at the equatorial latitude station, Langkawi Malaysia using data from GPS Ionospheric Scintillation and TEC Monitori (GISTM). The analysis is presented from January to December 2011 and is presented in three seasons; Equinox (Mac, April, September, October), summer (May, June, July, August) and winter (January, February, November, December). The maximum TEC values are reached between 1300 - 1600 LT; while the minimum TEC occur in the morning. Fot the seasonal variation, analysis the highest TEC is found during the equinoctical months, followed by summer and the lowest TEC are in winter.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationInternational Conference on Space Science and Communication, IconSpace
Pages186-189
Number of pages4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013
Event2013 3rd IEEE International Conference on Space Science and Communication, IconSpace 2013 - Melaka
Duration: 1 Jul 20133 Jul 2013

Other

Other2013 3rd IEEE International Conference on Space Science and Communication, IconSpace 2013
CityMelaka
Period1/7/133/7/13

Fingerprint

seasonal variation
Malaysia
Electrons
Global positioning system
Ionosphere
Scintillation
recipient
Satellites

Keywords

  • ionospheric
  • seasonal variation
  • Total Electron Content (TEC)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Communication

Cite this

Radzi, Z. M., Abdullah, M., Hasbi, A. M., Jit Singh, M. S., & Bahari, S. A. (2013). Seasonal variation of total electron content at equatorial station, Langkawi, Malaysia. In International Conference on Space Science and Communication, IconSpace (pp. 186-189). [6599461] https://doi.org/10.1109/IconSpace.2013.6599461

Seasonal variation of total electron content at equatorial station, Langkawi, Malaysia. / Radzi, Zahira M.; Abdullah, Mardina; Hasbi, Alina Marie; Jit Singh, Mandeep Singh; Bahari, Siti Aminah.

International Conference on Space Science and Communication, IconSpace. 2013. p. 186-189 6599461.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Radzi, ZM, Abdullah, M, Hasbi, AM, Jit Singh, MS & Bahari, SA 2013, Seasonal variation of total electron content at equatorial station, Langkawi, Malaysia. in International Conference on Space Science and Communication, IconSpace., 6599461, pp. 186-189, 2013 3rd IEEE International Conference on Space Science and Communication, IconSpace 2013, Melaka, 1/7/13. https://doi.org/10.1109/IconSpace.2013.6599461
Radzi ZM, Abdullah M, Hasbi AM, Jit Singh MS, Bahari SA. Seasonal variation of total electron content at equatorial station, Langkawi, Malaysia. In International Conference on Space Science and Communication, IconSpace. 2013. p. 186-189. 6599461 https://doi.org/10.1109/IconSpace.2013.6599461
Radzi, Zahira M. ; Abdullah, Mardina ; Hasbi, Alina Marie ; Jit Singh, Mandeep Singh ; Bahari, Siti Aminah. / Seasonal variation of total electron content at equatorial station, Langkawi, Malaysia. International Conference on Space Science and Communication, IconSpace. 2013. pp. 186-189
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