Seasonal Habitat Use of Persian Gazelles (Gazella subgutturosa subgutturosa) Based on Vegetation Parameters at Golestan National Park, Iran

Elham Bagherirad, Norhayati Ahmad, Masoume Amirkhani, Maimon Abdullah, Mansour Mesdaghi, Abdullah Kabudi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Effective management and conservation of wildlife populations and their habitats depend on understanding and predicting species-habitat interaction. The distribution of Persian gazelles, which is related to habitat structure and dispersal of food resources, has been studied by clearance transect pellet group counts during different seasons. This study of habitat use was conducted by recording pellet groups along 20 permanent 3 m × 210 m transects in five vegetation types in the steppe habitat of Golestan National Park. Pellet groups were counted and cleared every two months over one year. Habitat use differed between seasons and vegetation types. Types I and II which featured diversified plant species, higher forage quality, and were adjacent to agricultural fields were used the most in all seasons and especially in fall and winter. Vegetation types III and IV with higher forage production, canopy cover, and vegetation density showed the lowest rate of use among all seasons. This could be due to the high protein content forage favoured by gazelles. The minimal model using multiple regression analysis showed a number of plant species were the indicative variable in gazelle habitats during each season. Positive relationship was detected between pellet group density and canopy cover of annual forbs and grasses in spring, with Aellenia sp in summer, and with Salsola rigida in fall and winter. This indicated higher use of types I and II throughout the year. The pellet group density of gazelles was negatively correlated with canopy cover of Stipa barbata and Poa bulbosa in all seasons, which indicated lower use of vegetation types III and IV.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)464-484
Number of pages21
JournalArid Land Research and Management
Volume28
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Fingerprint

Gazella subgutturosa
gazelles
habitat use
Iran
national parks
national park
pellets
vegetation type
vegetation
vegetation types
habitats
forage
canopy
habitat
wildlife management
transect
Poa bulbosa
Salsola
habitat structure
winter

Keywords

  • Gazella subgutturosa
  • habitat use
  • pellet group count
  • vegetation parameters

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Soil Science

Cite this

Seasonal Habitat Use of Persian Gazelles (Gazella subgutturosa subgutturosa) Based on Vegetation Parameters at Golestan National Park, Iran. / Bagherirad, Elham; Ahmad, Norhayati; Amirkhani, Masoume; Abdullah, Maimon; Mesdaghi, Mansour; Kabudi, Abdullah.

In: Arid Land Research and Management, Vol. 28, No. 4, 2014, p. 464-484.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Bagherirad, Elham ; Ahmad, Norhayati ; Amirkhani, Masoume ; Abdullah, Maimon ; Mesdaghi, Mansour ; Kabudi, Abdullah. / Seasonal Habitat Use of Persian Gazelles (Gazella subgutturosa subgutturosa) Based on Vegetation Parameters at Golestan National Park, Iran. In: Arid Land Research and Management. 2014 ; Vol. 28, No. 4. pp. 464-484.
@article{d983f99fb8574c818c78ec07fc76dcc8,
title = "Seasonal Habitat Use of Persian Gazelles (Gazella subgutturosa subgutturosa) Based on Vegetation Parameters at Golestan National Park, Iran",
abstract = "Effective management and conservation of wildlife populations and their habitats depend on understanding and predicting species-habitat interaction. The distribution of Persian gazelles, which is related to habitat structure and dispersal of food resources, has been studied by clearance transect pellet group counts during different seasons. This study of habitat use was conducted by recording pellet groups along 20 permanent 3 m × 210 m transects in five vegetation types in the steppe habitat of Golestan National Park. Pellet groups were counted and cleared every two months over one year. Habitat use differed between seasons and vegetation types. Types I and II which featured diversified plant species, higher forage quality, and were adjacent to agricultural fields were used the most in all seasons and especially in fall and winter. Vegetation types III and IV with higher forage production, canopy cover, and vegetation density showed the lowest rate of use among all seasons. This could be due to the high protein content forage favoured by gazelles. The minimal model using multiple regression analysis showed a number of plant species were the indicative variable in gazelle habitats during each season. Positive relationship was detected between pellet group density and canopy cover of annual forbs and grasses in spring, with Aellenia sp in summer, and with Salsola rigida in fall and winter. This indicated higher use of types I and II throughout the year. The pellet group density of gazelles was negatively correlated with canopy cover of Stipa barbata and Poa bulbosa in all seasons, which indicated lower use of vegetation types III and IV.",
keywords = "Gazella subgutturosa, habitat use, pellet group count, vegetation parameters",
author = "Elham Bagherirad and Norhayati Ahmad and Masoume Amirkhani and Maimon Abdullah and Mansour Mesdaghi and Abdullah Kabudi",
year = "2014",
doi = "10.1080/15324982.2013.868379",
language = "English",
volume = "28",
pages = "464--484",
journal = "Arid Land Research and Management",
issn = "1532-4982",
publisher = "Taylor and Francis Ltd.",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Seasonal Habitat Use of Persian Gazelles (Gazella subgutturosa subgutturosa) Based on Vegetation Parameters at Golestan National Park, Iran

AU - Bagherirad, Elham

AU - Ahmad, Norhayati

AU - Amirkhani, Masoume

AU - Abdullah, Maimon

AU - Mesdaghi, Mansour

AU - Kabudi, Abdullah

PY - 2014

Y1 - 2014

N2 - Effective management and conservation of wildlife populations and their habitats depend on understanding and predicting species-habitat interaction. The distribution of Persian gazelles, which is related to habitat structure and dispersal of food resources, has been studied by clearance transect pellet group counts during different seasons. This study of habitat use was conducted by recording pellet groups along 20 permanent 3 m × 210 m transects in five vegetation types in the steppe habitat of Golestan National Park. Pellet groups were counted and cleared every two months over one year. Habitat use differed between seasons and vegetation types. Types I and II which featured diversified plant species, higher forage quality, and were adjacent to agricultural fields were used the most in all seasons and especially in fall and winter. Vegetation types III and IV with higher forage production, canopy cover, and vegetation density showed the lowest rate of use among all seasons. This could be due to the high protein content forage favoured by gazelles. The minimal model using multiple regression analysis showed a number of plant species were the indicative variable in gazelle habitats during each season. Positive relationship was detected between pellet group density and canopy cover of annual forbs and grasses in spring, with Aellenia sp in summer, and with Salsola rigida in fall and winter. This indicated higher use of types I and II throughout the year. The pellet group density of gazelles was negatively correlated with canopy cover of Stipa barbata and Poa bulbosa in all seasons, which indicated lower use of vegetation types III and IV.

AB - Effective management and conservation of wildlife populations and their habitats depend on understanding and predicting species-habitat interaction. The distribution of Persian gazelles, which is related to habitat structure and dispersal of food resources, has been studied by clearance transect pellet group counts during different seasons. This study of habitat use was conducted by recording pellet groups along 20 permanent 3 m × 210 m transects in five vegetation types in the steppe habitat of Golestan National Park. Pellet groups were counted and cleared every two months over one year. Habitat use differed between seasons and vegetation types. Types I and II which featured diversified plant species, higher forage quality, and were adjacent to agricultural fields were used the most in all seasons and especially in fall and winter. Vegetation types III and IV with higher forage production, canopy cover, and vegetation density showed the lowest rate of use among all seasons. This could be due to the high protein content forage favoured by gazelles. The minimal model using multiple regression analysis showed a number of plant species were the indicative variable in gazelle habitats during each season. Positive relationship was detected between pellet group density and canopy cover of annual forbs and grasses in spring, with Aellenia sp in summer, and with Salsola rigida in fall and winter. This indicated higher use of types I and II throughout the year. The pellet group density of gazelles was negatively correlated with canopy cover of Stipa barbata and Poa bulbosa in all seasons, which indicated lower use of vegetation types III and IV.

KW - Gazella subgutturosa

KW - habitat use

KW - pellet group count

KW - vegetation parameters

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84899756608&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84899756608&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1080/15324982.2013.868379

DO - 10.1080/15324982.2013.868379

M3 - Article

VL - 28

SP - 464

EP - 484

JO - Arid Land Research and Management

JF - Arid Land Research and Management

SN - 1532-4982

IS - 4

ER -