Seasonal and inter-annual variability of sea surface temperature at the east coast fishing area off Peninsular Malaysia

S. Nurul Ridani, Muzzneena Ahmad Mustapha, Tukimat Lihan, K. Y. Ku Kassim, R. H. Raja Bidin

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Empirical orthogonal function (EOF) analysis was used to study a time-series of the aqua MODIS data imageries in the exclusive economic zone of east coast off Peninsular Malaysia. Temporal and spatial characteristics were examined to determine the dominant pattern of sea surface temperature (SST) variability from January 2003 to December 2011.The data were analysed from daily Level 1A (1km spatial resolution) to monthly composites Level 3 data using SeaDAS and ERDAS imagine software. Four modes was obtained from the analysis with the highest variance (7.9%) represented by mode 1 which explained the seasonal cycle. Mode 2 (5.11 % of total variance) showed positive and negative peak signal during March and April and in October and November with variability near the Kelantan and Pahang waters that indicated the inter monsoon. Mode 3 (3.8 % of variance) shows variability near the Terengganu, Kelantan and Johor waters to the open sea during July and August and in May and June representing the Southwest monsoon. Mode 4 (3.36 %) showed positive signal during November and December with strong signal near Pahang and Kelantan waters while weak signal was detected near Terengganu and Kelantan's open sea representing the Northeast monsoon. The SST variability was influenced by the monsoonal system which originated by the wind forcing condition that influences circulation in the study area.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2015 UKM FST Postgraduate Colloquium: Proceedings of the Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology 2015 Postgraduate Colloquium
PublisherAmerican Institute of Physics Inc.
Volume1678
ISBN (Electronic)9780735413252
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 25 Sep 2015
Event2015 Postgraduate Colloquium of the Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology, UKM FST 2015 - Selangor, Malaysia
Duration: 15 Apr 201516 Apr 2015

Other

Other2015 Postgraduate Colloquium of the Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology, UKM FST 2015
CountryMalaysia
CitySelangor
Period15/4/1516/4/15

Fingerprint

fishing
Malaysia
sea surface temperature
coasts
monsoons
water
orthogonal functions
MODIS (radiometry)
imagery
economics
spatial resolution
computer programs
cycles
composite materials

Keywords

  • Empirical orthogonal function (EOF)
  • Exclusive Economic Zone
  • satellite imageries
  • Sea Surface Temperature

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Nurul Ridani, S., Ahmad Mustapha, M., Lihan, T., Ku Kassim, K. Y., & Raja Bidin, R. H. (2015). Seasonal and inter-annual variability of sea surface temperature at the east coast fishing area off Peninsular Malaysia. In 2015 UKM FST Postgraduate Colloquium: Proceedings of the Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology 2015 Postgraduate Colloquium (Vol. 1678). [060022] American Institute of Physics Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4931349

Seasonal and inter-annual variability of sea surface temperature at the east coast fishing area off Peninsular Malaysia. / Nurul Ridani, S.; Ahmad Mustapha, Muzzneena; Lihan, Tukimat; Ku Kassim, K. Y.; Raja Bidin, R. H.

2015 UKM FST Postgraduate Colloquium: Proceedings of the Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology 2015 Postgraduate Colloquium. Vol. 1678 American Institute of Physics Inc., 2015. 060022.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Nurul Ridani, S, Ahmad Mustapha, M, Lihan, T, Ku Kassim, KY & Raja Bidin, RH 2015, Seasonal and inter-annual variability of sea surface temperature at the east coast fishing area off Peninsular Malaysia. in 2015 UKM FST Postgraduate Colloquium: Proceedings of the Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology 2015 Postgraduate Colloquium. vol. 1678, 060022, American Institute of Physics Inc., 2015 Postgraduate Colloquium of the Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology, UKM FST 2015, Selangor, Malaysia, 15/4/15. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4931349
Nurul Ridani S, Ahmad Mustapha M, Lihan T, Ku Kassim KY, Raja Bidin RH. Seasonal and inter-annual variability of sea surface temperature at the east coast fishing area off Peninsular Malaysia. In 2015 UKM FST Postgraduate Colloquium: Proceedings of the Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology 2015 Postgraduate Colloquium. Vol. 1678. American Institute of Physics Inc. 2015. 060022 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4931349
Nurul Ridani, S. ; Ahmad Mustapha, Muzzneena ; Lihan, Tukimat ; Ku Kassim, K. Y. ; Raja Bidin, R. H. / Seasonal and inter-annual variability of sea surface temperature at the east coast fishing area off Peninsular Malaysia. 2015 UKM FST Postgraduate Colloquium: Proceedings of the Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology 2015 Postgraduate Colloquium. Vol. 1678 American Institute of Physics Inc., 2015.
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abstract = "Empirical orthogonal function (EOF) analysis was used to study a time-series of the aqua MODIS data imageries in the exclusive economic zone of east coast off Peninsular Malaysia. Temporal and spatial characteristics were examined to determine the dominant pattern of sea surface temperature (SST) variability from January 2003 to December 2011.The data were analysed from daily Level 1A (1km spatial resolution) to monthly composites Level 3 data using SeaDAS and ERDAS imagine software. Four modes was obtained from the analysis with the highest variance (7.9{\%}) represented by mode 1 which explained the seasonal cycle. Mode 2 (5.11 {\%} of total variance) showed positive and negative peak signal during March and April and in October and November with variability near the Kelantan and Pahang waters that indicated the inter monsoon. Mode 3 (3.8 {\%} of variance) shows variability near the Terengganu, Kelantan and Johor waters to the open sea during July and August and in May and June representing the Southwest monsoon. Mode 4 (3.36 {\%}) showed positive signal during November and December with strong signal near Pahang and Kelantan waters while weak signal was detected near Terengganu and Kelantan's open sea representing the Northeast monsoon. The SST variability was influenced by the monsoonal system which originated by the wind forcing condition that influences circulation in the study area.",
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