Schoolbag weight, its content, and incidence of back pain in different medium primary schools in kuala lumpur

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Abstract

Introduction: Schoolbag weight across different types of school and schoolbag content has not been studied in Malaysia. This cross sectional survey determines the weight of schoolbags, its content and occurrence of back pain among primary school children in different medium primary school in Kuala Lumput Methods: Students' body weight, and schoolbags weight were measured using a calibrated scale. Schoolbag content was examined, and weighed according to necessary learning materials or unnecessary materials. Back pain in the past one week was assessed using a self-administered questionnaire, adapted from previous studies. Results: A total of 358 students (167 male, 191 female) were enrolled, of which 119 were from National School (NS), 122 from Chinese Medium School (CMS) and 117 from Tamil Medium School (TMS). The mean schoolbag weight was 4.55±1.62kg for NS, 8.53±1.94kg for CMS and 6.06±2.09kg for TMS, which was 11.7%, 22.0% and 16.6% of body weight, respectively. The mean weight of unnecessary schoolbag content was 0.64(0.91)kg for NS, 2.18(1 .49)kg for CMS and 1.96(1.56) for TMS students. Back pain was detected in 87.0% NS students, 68.0% CMS students and 66.7% TMS students. Significant association was found between occurrence of back pain and types of school (x 2=l6.64,p=O.OO). Conclusions: Students from all the three mediums primary school, in particular Chinese medium school carry school bag heavier than that generally recommended, with unnecessary materials weigh up to 2kg. The occurrence of back pain is high and this is associated with the types of school.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)59-64
Number of pages6
JournalMalaysian Journal of Medicine and Health Sciences
Volume6
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2010

Fingerprint

Back Pain
Weights and Measures
Incidence
Students
Body Weight
Malaysia

Keywords

  • Back pain
  • Primary school children
  • Schoolbag content
  • Schoolbag weight

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

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title = "Schoolbag weight, its content, and incidence of back pain in different medium primary schools in kuala lumpur",
abstract = "Introduction: Schoolbag weight across different types of school and schoolbag content has not been studied in Malaysia. This cross sectional survey determines the weight of schoolbags, its content and occurrence of back pain among primary school children in different medium primary school in Kuala Lumput Methods: Students' body weight, and schoolbags weight were measured using a calibrated scale. Schoolbag content was examined, and weighed according to necessary learning materials or unnecessary materials. Back pain in the past one week was assessed using a self-administered questionnaire, adapted from previous studies. Results: A total of 358 students (167 male, 191 female) were enrolled, of which 119 were from National School (NS), 122 from Chinese Medium School (CMS) and 117 from Tamil Medium School (TMS). The mean schoolbag weight was 4.55±1.62kg for NS, 8.53±1.94kg for CMS and 6.06±2.09kg for TMS, which was 11.7{\%}, 22.0{\%} and 16.6{\%} of body weight, respectively. The mean weight of unnecessary schoolbag content was 0.64(0.91)kg for NS, 2.18(1 .49)kg for CMS and 1.96(1.56) for TMS students. Back pain was detected in 87.0{\%} NS students, 68.0{\%} CMS students and 66.7{\%} TMS students. Significant association was found between occurrence of back pain and types of school (x 2=l6.64,p=O.OO). Conclusions: Students from all the three mediums primary school, in particular Chinese medium school carry school bag heavier than that generally recommended, with unnecessary materials weigh up to 2kg. The occurrence of back pain is high and this is associated with the types of school.",
keywords = "Back pain, Primary school children, Schoolbag content, Schoolbag weight",
author = "{Mohd Nordin}, {Nor Azlin} and Asfarina Zanudin and Chee, {L. Wan}",
year = "2010",
month = "6",
language = "English",
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T1 - Schoolbag weight, its content, and incidence of back pain in different medium primary schools in kuala lumpur

AU - Mohd Nordin, Nor Azlin

AU - Zanudin, Asfarina

AU - Chee, L. Wan

PY - 2010/6

Y1 - 2010/6

N2 - Introduction: Schoolbag weight across different types of school and schoolbag content has not been studied in Malaysia. This cross sectional survey determines the weight of schoolbags, its content and occurrence of back pain among primary school children in different medium primary school in Kuala Lumput Methods: Students' body weight, and schoolbags weight were measured using a calibrated scale. Schoolbag content was examined, and weighed according to necessary learning materials or unnecessary materials. Back pain in the past one week was assessed using a self-administered questionnaire, adapted from previous studies. Results: A total of 358 students (167 male, 191 female) were enrolled, of which 119 were from National School (NS), 122 from Chinese Medium School (CMS) and 117 from Tamil Medium School (TMS). The mean schoolbag weight was 4.55±1.62kg for NS, 8.53±1.94kg for CMS and 6.06±2.09kg for TMS, which was 11.7%, 22.0% and 16.6% of body weight, respectively. The mean weight of unnecessary schoolbag content was 0.64(0.91)kg for NS, 2.18(1 .49)kg for CMS and 1.96(1.56) for TMS students. Back pain was detected in 87.0% NS students, 68.0% CMS students and 66.7% TMS students. Significant association was found between occurrence of back pain and types of school (x 2=l6.64,p=O.OO). Conclusions: Students from all the three mediums primary school, in particular Chinese medium school carry school bag heavier than that generally recommended, with unnecessary materials weigh up to 2kg. The occurrence of back pain is high and this is associated with the types of school.

AB - Introduction: Schoolbag weight across different types of school and schoolbag content has not been studied in Malaysia. This cross sectional survey determines the weight of schoolbags, its content and occurrence of back pain among primary school children in different medium primary school in Kuala Lumput Methods: Students' body weight, and schoolbags weight were measured using a calibrated scale. Schoolbag content was examined, and weighed according to necessary learning materials or unnecessary materials. Back pain in the past one week was assessed using a self-administered questionnaire, adapted from previous studies. Results: A total of 358 students (167 male, 191 female) were enrolled, of which 119 were from National School (NS), 122 from Chinese Medium School (CMS) and 117 from Tamil Medium School (TMS). The mean schoolbag weight was 4.55±1.62kg for NS, 8.53±1.94kg for CMS and 6.06±2.09kg for TMS, which was 11.7%, 22.0% and 16.6% of body weight, respectively. The mean weight of unnecessary schoolbag content was 0.64(0.91)kg for NS, 2.18(1 .49)kg for CMS and 1.96(1.56) for TMS students. Back pain was detected in 87.0% NS students, 68.0% CMS students and 66.7% TMS students. Significant association was found between occurrence of back pain and types of school (x 2=l6.64,p=O.OO). Conclusions: Students from all the three mediums primary school, in particular Chinese medium school carry school bag heavier than that generally recommended, with unnecessary materials weigh up to 2kg. The occurrence of back pain is high and this is associated with the types of school.

KW - Back pain

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