Schizophrenia in Malaysian families: A study on factors associated with quality of life of primary family caregivers

Ruzanna ZamZam, Marhani Midin, Lim S. Hooi, Eng J. Yi, Siti N A Ahmad, Siti F A Azman, Muhammad S. Borhanudin, Rozhan S M Radzi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Schizophrenia is a chronic illness which brings detrimental effects in the caregivers' health. This study was aimed at highlighting the socio-demographic, clinical and psychosocial factors associated with the subjective Quality of Life (QOL) of Malaysian of primary family caregivers of subjects with schizophrenia attending an urban tertiary care outpatient clinic in Malaysia.Methods: A cross-sectional study was performed to study patient, caregiver and illness factors associated with the QOL among 117 individuals involved with caregiving for schizophrenia patients. The study used WHOQOL-BREF to assess caregivers' QOL and Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale (BPRS) to assess the severity of patients' symptoms. Social Readjustment Rating Scale (SRRS) assessed the stress level due to life events.Results: The mean scores of WHOQOL-BREF in physical, psychological, social and environmental domains were 66.62 (14.36), 61.32 (15.52), 62.77 (17.33), 64.02 (14.86) consecutively. From multiple regression analysis, factors found to be significantly associated with higher QOL were higher educational level among caregivers in social and environmental domains; caregivers not having medical problem/s in physical and psychological domains; later onset and longer illness duration of illness in social domains; patients not attending day care program in environmental domain; lower BPRS score in physical and environmental domains. SRRS score of caregivers was also found to have a significant negative correlation with QOL in environmental and psychological domains. Other factors were not significantly associated with QOL.Conclusion: Caregivers with more social advantages such as higher educational level and physically healthier and dealing with less severe illness had significantly higher QOL in various aspects. Supporting the caregivers in some of these modifiable factors in clinical practice is important to achieve their higher level QOL.

Original languageEnglish
Article number16
JournalInternational Journal of Mental Health Systems
Volume5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 8 Jun 2011

Fingerprint

Caregivers
Schizophrenia
Quality of Life
Psychology
Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale
Malaysia
Tertiary Healthcare
Ambulatory Care Facilities
Chronic Disease
Cross-Sectional Studies
Regression Analysis
Demography
Health

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health Policy
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Phychiatric Mental Health

Cite this

Schizophrenia in Malaysian families : A study on factors associated with quality of life of primary family caregivers. / ZamZam, Ruzanna; Midin, Marhani; Hooi, Lim S.; Yi, Eng J.; Ahmad, Siti N A; Azman, Siti F A; Borhanudin, Muhammad S.; Radzi, Rozhan S M.

In: International Journal of Mental Health Systems, Vol. 5, 16, 08.06.2011.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

ZamZam, Ruzanna ; Midin, Marhani ; Hooi, Lim S. ; Yi, Eng J. ; Ahmad, Siti N A ; Azman, Siti F A ; Borhanudin, Muhammad S. ; Radzi, Rozhan S M. / Schizophrenia in Malaysian families : A study on factors associated with quality of life of primary family caregivers. In: International Journal of Mental Health Systems. 2011 ; Vol. 5.
@article{82be2f89450648108feab077bef57021,
title = "Schizophrenia in Malaysian families: A study on factors associated with quality of life of primary family caregivers",
abstract = "Background: Schizophrenia is a chronic illness which brings detrimental effects in the caregivers' health. This study was aimed at highlighting the socio-demographic, clinical and psychosocial factors associated with the subjective Quality of Life (QOL) of Malaysian of primary family caregivers of subjects with schizophrenia attending an urban tertiary care outpatient clinic in Malaysia.Methods: A cross-sectional study was performed to study patient, caregiver and illness factors associated with the QOL among 117 individuals involved with caregiving for schizophrenia patients. The study used WHOQOL-BREF to assess caregivers' QOL and Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale (BPRS) to assess the severity of patients' symptoms. Social Readjustment Rating Scale (SRRS) assessed the stress level due to life events.Results: The mean scores of WHOQOL-BREF in physical, psychological, social and environmental domains were 66.62 (14.36), 61.32 (15.52), 62.77 (17.33), 64.02 (14.86) consecutively. From multiple regression analysis, factors found to be significantly associated with higher QOL were higher educational level among caregivers in social and environmental domains; caregivers not having medical problem/s in physical and psychological domains; later onset and longer illness duration of illness in social domains; patients not attending day care program in environmental domain; lower BPRS score in physical and environmental domains. SRRS score of caregivers was also found to have a significant negative correlation with QOL in environmental and psychological domains. Other factors were not significantly associated with QOL.Conclusion: Caregivers with more social advantages such as higher educational level and physically healthier and dealing with less severe illness had significantly higher QOL in various aspects. Supporting the caregivers in some of these modifiable factors in clinical practice is important to achieve their higher level QOL.",
author = "Ruzanna ZamZam and Marhani Midin and Hooi, {Lim S.} and Yi, {Eng J.} and Ahmad, {Siti N A} and Azman, {Siti F A} and Borhanudin, {Muhammad S.} and Radzi, {Rozhan S M}",
year = "2011",
month = "6",
day = "8",
doi = "10.1186/1752-4458-5-16",
language = "English",
volume = "5",
journal = "International Journal of Mental Health Systems",
issn = "1752-4458",
publisher = "BioMed Central",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Schizophrenia in Malaysian families

T2 - A study on factors associated with quality of life of primary family caregivers

AU - ZamZam, Ruzanna

AU - Midin, Marhani

AU - Hooi, Lim S.

AU - Yi, Eng J.

AU - Ahmad, Siti N A

AU - Azman, Siti F A

AU - Borhanudin, Muhammad S.

AU - Radzi, Rozhan S M

PY - 2011/6/8

Y1 - 2011/6/8

N2 - Background: Schizophrenia is a chronic illness which brings detrimental effects in the caregivers' health. This study was aimed at highlighting the socio-demographic, clinical and psychosocial factors associated with the subjective Quality of Life (QOL) of Malaysian of primary family caregivers of subjects with schizophrenia attending an urban tertiary care outpatient clinic in Malaysia.Methods: A cross-sectional study was performed to study patient, caregiver and illness factors associated with the QOL among 117 individuals involved with caregiving for schizophrenia patients. The study used WHOQOL-BREF to assess caregivers' QOL and Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale (BPRS) to assess the severity of patients' symptoms. Social Readjustment Rating Scale (SRRS) assessed the stress level due to life events.Results: The mean scores of WHOQOL-BREF in physical, psychological, social and environmental domains were 66.62 (14.36), 61.32 (15.52), 62.77 (17.33), 64.02 (14.86) consecutively. From multiple regression analysis, factors found to be significantly associated with higher QOL were higher educational level among caregivers in social and environmental domains; caregivers not having medical problem/s in physical and psychological domains; later onset and longer illness duration of illness in social domains; patients not attending day care program in environmental domain; lower BPRS score in physical and environmental domains. SRRS score of caregivers was also found to have a significant negative correlation with QOL in environmental and psychological domains. Other factors were not significantly associated with QOL.Conclusion: Caregivers with more social advantages such as higher educational level and physically healthier and dealing with less severe illness had significantly higher QOL in various aspects. Supporting the caregivers in some of these modifiable factors in clinical practice is important to achieve their higher level QOL.

AB - Background: Schizophrenia is a chronic illness which brings detrimental effects in the caregivers' health. This study was aimed at highlighting the socio-demographic, clinical and psychosocial factors associated with the subjective Quality of Life (QOL) of Malaysian of primary family caregivers of subjects with schizophrenia attending an urban tertiary care outpatient clinic in Malaysia.Methods: A cross-sectional study was performed to study patient, caregiver and illness factors associated with the QOL among 117 individuals involved with caregiving for schizophrenia patients. The study used WHOQOL-BREF to assess caregivers' QOL and Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale (BPRS) to assess the severity of patients' symptoms. Social Readjustment Rating Scale (SRRS) assessed the stress level due to life events.Results: The mean scores of WHOQOL-BREF in physical, psychological, social and environmental domains were 66.62 (14.36), 61.32 (15.52), 62.77 (17.33), 64.02 (14.86) consecutively. From multiple regression analysis, factors found to be significantly associated with higher QOL were higher educational level among caregivers in social and environmental domains; caregivers not having medical problem/s in physical and psychological domains; later onset and longer illness duration of illness in social domains; patients not attending day care program in environmental domain; lower BPRS score in physical and environmental domains. SRRS score of caregivers was also found to have a significant negative correlation with QOL in environmental and psychological domains. Other factors were not significantly associated with QOL.Conclusion: Caregivers with more social advantages such as higher educational level and physically healthier and dealing with less severe illness had significantly higher QOL in various aspects. Supporting the caregivers in some of these modifiable factors in clinical practice is important to achieve their higher level QOL.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=79958062809&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=79958062809&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1186/1752-4458-5-16

DO - 10.1186/1752-4458-5-16

M3 - Article

C2 - 21651770

AN - SCOPUS:79958062809

VL - 5

JO - International Journal of Mental Health Systems

JF - International Journal of Mental Health Systems

SN - 1752-4458

M1 - 16

ER -