Role of Zamzam water as a vital mineral supplement in the treatment of opioid dependence and tolerance: a review

Shariff Halim, Nasir Mohamad, Mohd. Ekhwan Toriman, Nor Hidayah Abu Bakar, Siti Norhajah Hashim, Liyana Hazwani Mohd Adnan, Nur Husna Zakaria, Nur

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Opioid dependency or tolerance is a worldwide problem that affects all societies in terms of health, social and economic welfare. It is a need to explore more alternative treatment to address opiate dependence and tolerance besides our current conventional medication. In exploring the alternative supplement to reduce opiate dependence and tolerance, this article reviews and describes the evidence of a relationship between mineral and opiate dependence and tolerance. We also discuss about the action mechanism of mineral to alleviate opiate dependence and tolerance which are abundantly available in the Holy Zamzam water.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)957-963
Number of pages7
JournalResearch Journal of Pharmacy and Technology
Volume9
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2016
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Opioid-Related Disorders
Opioid Analgesics
Minerals
Water
Economics
Health

Keywords

  • Mineral supplement
  • Opiate dependence
  • Tolerance
  • Zamzam water

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics (miscellaneous)
  • Pharmacology (medical)

Cite this

Role of Zamzam water as a vital mineral supplement in the treatment of opioid dependence and tolerance : a review. / Halim, Shariff; Mohamad, Nasir; Toriman, Mohd. Ekhwan; Bakar, Nor Hidayah Abu; Hashim, Siti Norhajah; Adnan, Liyana Hazwani Mohd; Zakaria, Nur Husna; Nur.

In: Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology, Vol. 9, No. 7, 01.07.2016, p. 957-963.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Halim, Shariff ; Mohamad, Nasir ; Toriman, Mohd. Ekhwan ; Bakar, Nor Hidayah Abu ; Hashim, Siti Norhajah ; Adnan, Liyana Hazwani Mohd ; Zakaria, Nur Husna ; Nur. / Role of Zamzam water as a vital mineral supplement in the treatment of opioid dependence and tolerance : a review. In: Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology. 2016 ; Vol. 9, No. 7. pp. 957-963.
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