Role of formal input exposure and onset age in grammaticality judgement

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

This study examines the effects of formal input exposure and the onset age of exposure on the performance of eleven different morphosyntactic structures in a foreign language setting. It studies whether being exposed to longer hours of formal language classes at a younger age is advantageous for Iranian EFL learners. Some studies have claimed that there is no advantage for early starters and in the field of grammatical learning, later starters perform better. Four groups of Iranian learners with different formal learning times participated in this study: Groups A and B were public and private school students, respectively, whereas Groups C and D had extra supplementary classes at language institutes as well. A Grammaticality Judgement Task (GJT) including some grammatical structures which were claimed to be problematic for EFL learners, was used as a tool to determine the possible differences in the performance of grammatical structures of the four groups. A two-way ANCOVA and a one-way ANOVA were used to analyse the data. Results suggest that long hours of formal exposure lead to better grammatical performance and the participants who started learning English at age 9 or below performed better in the GJT.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)177-190
Number of pages14
Journal3L: Language, Linguistics, Literature
Volume20
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Fingerprint

learning
performance
Group
private school
study group
foreign language
language
Onset
Grammaticality Judgments
student
Grammatical Structure
EFL Learners
time
Learning English
Analysis of Variance
Language Classes
Language
Formal Languages

Keywords

  • Age effect on EFL learning
  • Critical Period Hypothesis
  • Grammatical learning
  • Input exposure
  • Onset age

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Language and Linguistics
  • Literature and Literary Theory
  • Linguistics and Language

Cite this

Role of formal input exposure and onset age in grammaticality judgement. / Shojamanesh, Vafa; Tan, Kim Hua; Salehuddin, Khazriyati.

In: 3L: Language, Linguistics, Literature, Vol. 20, No. 3, 2014, p. 177-190.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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